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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Draw structural formulas for the following alcohols, and tell if each is primary, secondary, or tertiary:

(a) 1-butanol

(b) 2-butanol

(c) 3, 3-dimethyl-2-butanol

(d) 3, 3-dimethyl-l-butanol

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structural formula of the given alcohols has to be drawn. The given alochol is whether primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol has tobe identified.

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alcohols can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

(1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

(2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

(3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

(4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically

Alcohols are the hydrocarbons which have OH group attached to one of the carbon atom of the linear chain. The suffix name for OH group is “-ol” written in the end of parent name with its position.

Alcohols can be of three types on the basis of degree of carbon atom to which the OH group is attached.

Primary alcohol: The OH group is attached to primary carbon atom.

Secondary alcohol: The OH group is attached to secondary carbon atom

Tertiary alcohol: The OH group is attached to tertiary carbon atom

images

Explanation

The systematic name of given alcohol is 1-butanol.

  • The longest chain will have four carbon atoms as parent chain name is butane.
  • The OH group is attached to C-1

Therefore, the structural formula of th

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structural formula of the given alcohols has to be drawn. The given alochol is whether primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol has tobe identified.

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alcohols can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

(1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

(2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

(3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

(4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically

Alcohols are the hydrocarbons which have OH group attached to one of the carbon atom of the linear chain. The suffix name for OH group is “-ol” written in the end of parent name with its position.

Alcohols are the hydrocarbons which have OH group attached to one of the carbon atom of the linear chain. The suffix name for OH group is “-ol” written in the end of parent name with its position.

Alcohols can be of three types on the basis of degree of carbon atom to which the OH group is attached.

Primary alcohol: The OH group is attached to primary carbon atom.

Secondary alcohol: The OH group is attached to secondary carbon atom

Tertiary alcohol: The OH group is attached to tertiary carbon atom

images

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structural formula of the given alcohols has to be drawn. The given alochol is whether primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol has tobe identified.

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alcohols can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

(1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

(2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

(3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

(4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically

Alcohols are the hydrocarbons which have OH group attached to one of the carbon atom of the linear chain. The suffix name for OH group is “-ol” written in the end of parent name with its position.

Alcohols can be of three types on the basis of degree of carbon atom to which the OH group is attached.

Primary alcohol: The OH group is attached to primary carbon atom.

Secondary alcohol: The OH group is attached to secondary carbon atom

Tertiary alcohol: The OH group is attached to tertiary carbon atom

images

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structural formula of the given alcohols has to be drawn. The given alochol is whether primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol has tobe identified.

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alcohols can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

(1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

(2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

(3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

(4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically

Alcohols are the hydrocarbons which have OH group attached to one of the carbon atom of the linear chain. The suffix name for OH group is “-ol” written in the end of parent name with its position.

Alcohols can be of three types on the basis of degree of carbon atom to which the OH group is attached.

Primary alcohol: The OH group is attached to primary carbon atom.

Secondary alcohol: The OH group is attached to secondary carbon atom

Tertiary alcohol: The OH group is attached to tertiary carbon atom

images

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Chapter 23 Solutions

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Sect-23.5 P-1.3ACPSect-23.5 P-2.1ACPSect-23.5 P-2.2ACPSect-23.5 P-2.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.1ACPSect-23.5 P-3.2ACPSect-23.5 P-3.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.4ACPSect-23.5 P-3.5ACPCh-23 P-1PSCh-23 P-2PSCh-23 P-3PSCh-23 P-4PSCh-23 P-5PSCh-23 P-6PSCh-23 P-7PSCh-23 P-8PSCh-23 P-9PSCh-23 P-10PSCh-23 P-11PSCh-23 P-12PSCh-23 P-13PSCh-23 P-14PSCh-23 P-15PSCh-23 P-16PSCh-23 P-17PSCh-23 P-18PSCh-23 P-19PSCh-23 P-20PSCh-23 P-21PSCh-23 P-22PSCh-23 P-23PSCh-23 P-24PSCh-23 P-25PSCh-23 P-26PSCh-23 P-27PSCh-23 P-28PSCh-23 P-29PSCh-23 P-30PSCh-23 P-31PSCh-23 P-32PSCh-23 P-33PSCh-23 P-34PSCh-23 P-35PSCh-23 P-36PSCh-23 P-37PSCh-23 P-38PSCh-23 P-39PSCh-23 P-40PSCh-23 P-41PSCh-23 P-42PSCh-23 P-43PSCh-23 P-44PSCh-23 P-45PSCh-23 P-46PSCh-23 P-47PSCh-23 P-48PSCh-23 P-49PSCh-23 P-50PSCh-23 P-51PSCh-23 P-52PSCh-23 P-53PSCh-23 P-54PSCh-23 P-55PSCh-23 P-56PSCh-23 P-57PSCh-23 P-58PSCh-23 P-59PSCh-23 P-60PSCh-23 P-61PSCh-23 P-62PSCh-23 P-63PSCh-23 P-64PSCh-23 P-65PSCh-23 P-66PSCh-23 P-67PSCh-23 P-68PSCh-23 P-69PSCh-23 P-70PSCh-23 P-71PSCh-23 P-72PSCh-23 P-73PSCh-23 P-74PSCh-23 P-75GQCh-23 P-76GQCh-23 P-77GQCh-23 P-78GQCh-23 P-79GQCh-23 P-80GQCh-23 P-81GQCh-23 P-82GQCh-23 P-83GQCh-23 P-84GQCh-23 P-85GQCh-23 P-86GQCh-23 P-87GQCh-23 P-88GQCh-23 P-89GQCh-23 P-90GQCh-23 P-91GQCh-23 P-92GQCh-23 P-93GQCh-23 P-94GQCh-23 P-95GQCh-23 P-96GQCh-23 P-97GQCh-23 P-98GQCh-23 P-99GQCh-23 P-100GQCh-23 P-101GQCh-23 P-102GQCh-23 P-103ILCh-23 P-104ILCh-23 P-105ILCh-23 P-106ILCh-23 P-107ILCh-23 P-108ILCh-23 P-109ILCh-23 P-110ILCh-23 P-111ILCh-23 P-112ILCh-23 P-113ILCh-23 P-114ILCh-23 P-115SCQCh-23 P-116SCQCh-23 P-117SCQCh-23 P-118SCQCh-23 P-119SCQCh-23 P-120SCQCh-23 P-121SCQ

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