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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Name the following amines:

(a) CH3CH2CH2NH2

(b) (CH3)3N

(c) (CH3)(C2H5)NH

(d) C6H13NH2

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The name of the following amine has to be written.

Concept introduction:

 Amines are the derivatives of ammonia (NH3) with one or more of the hydrogens replaced with a substituent such as an alkyl group.

 Depending on the number of carbon side chain of the nitrogen, different types of amines can form.

 images

 Primary amines can be named in the IUPAC system in several ways,

 For simple amines the suffix – amine is added to the name of the alkyl substituent.

 The suffix-amine can be used in place of the final –e in the name of the parent compound.

 For a secondary amine an N prefixes the compound giving the shorter carbon chain and its chain prefix name.

 For a tertiary amine an N, N prefixes the compound giving the two shorter carbon chains and their side chain prefix names.

Explanation

The molecular formula of the given amine is CH3CH2CH2NH2

It is a primary amine

One pro

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The name of the following amine has to be written.

Concept introduction:

 Amines are the derivatives of ammonia (NH3) with one or more of the hydrogens replaced with a substituent such as an alkyl group.

 Depending on the number of carbon side chain of the nitrogen, different types of amines can form.

 images

 Primary amines can be named in the IUPAC system in several ways,

 For simple amines the suffix – amine is added to the name of the alkyl substituent.

 The suffix-amine can be used in place of the final –e in the name of the parent compound.

 For a secondary amine an N prefixes the compound giving the shorter carbon chain and its chain prefix name.

 For a tertiary amine an N, N prefixes the compound giving the two shorter carbon chains and their side chain prefix names.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The name of the following amine has to be written.

Concept introduction:

 Amines are the derivatives of ammonia (NH3) with one or more of the hydrogens replaced with a substituent such as an alkyl group.

 Depending on the number of carbon side chain of the nitrogen, different types of amines can form.

 images

 Primary amines can be named in the IUPAC system in several ways,

 For simple amines the suffix – amine is added to the name of the alkyl substituent.

 The suffix-amine can be used in place of the final –e in the name of the parent compound.

 For a secondary amine an N prefixes the compound giving the shorter carbon chain and its chain prefix name.

 For a tertiary amine an N, N prefixes the compound giving the two shorter carbon chains and their side chain prefix names.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The name of the following amine has to be written.

Concept introduction:

 Amines are the derivatives of ammonia (NH3) with one or more of the hydrogens replaced with a substituent such as an alkyl group.

 Depending on the number of carbon side chain of the nitrogen, different types of amines can form.

 images

 Primary amines can be named in the IUPAC system in several ways,

 For simple amines the suffix – amine is added to the name of the alkyl substituent.

 The suffix-amine can be used in place of the final –e in the name of the parent compound.

 For a secondary amine an N prefixes the compound giving the shorter carbon chain and its chain prefix name.

 For a tertiary amine an N, N prefixes the compound giving the two shorter carbon chains and their side chain prefix names.

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Chapter 23 Solutions

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Sect-23.5 P-1.3ACPSect-23.5 P-2.1ACPSect-23.5 P-2.2ACPSect-23.5 P-2.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.1ACPSect-23.5 P-3.2ACPSect-23.5 P-3.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.4ACPSect-23.5 P-3.5ACPCh-23 P-1PSCh-23 P-2PSCh-23 P-3PSCh-23 P-4PSCh-23 P-5PSCh-23 P-6PSCh-23 P-7PSCh-23 P-8PSCh-23 P-9PSCh-23 P-10PSCh-23 P-11PSCh-23 P-12PSCh-23 P-13PSCh-23 P-14PSCh-23 P-15PSCh-23 P-16PSCh-23 P-17PSCh-23 P-18PSCh-23 P-19PSCh-23 P-20PSCh-23 P-21PSCh-23 P-22PSCh-23 P-23PSCh-23 P-24PSCh-23 P-25PSCh-23 P-26PSCh-23 P-27PSCh-23 P-28PSCh-23 P-29PSCh-23 P-30PSCh-23 P-31PSCh-23 P-32PSCh-23 P-33PSCh-23 P-34PSCh-23 P-35PSCh-23 P-36PSCh-23 P-37PSCh-23 P-38PSCh-23 P-39PSCh-23 P-40PSCh-23 P-41PSCh-23 P-42PSCh-23 P-43PSCh-23 P-44PSCh-23 P-45PSCh-23 P-46PSCh-23 P-47PSCh-23 P-48PSCh-23 P-49PSCh-23 P-50PSCh-23 P-51PSCh-23 P-52PSCh-23 P-53PSCh-23 P-54PSCh-23 P-55PSCh-23 P-56PSCh-23 P-57PSCh-23 P-58PSCh-23 P-59PSCh-23 P-60PSCh-23 P-61PSCh-23 P-62PSCh-23 P-63PSCh-23 P-64PSCh-23 P-65PSCh-23 P-66PSCh-23 P-67PSCh-23 P-68PSCh-23 P-69PSCh-23 P-70PSCh-23 P-71PSCh-23 P-72PSCh-23 P-73PSCh-23 P-74PSCh-23 P-75GQCh-23 P-76GQCh-23 P-77GQCh-23 P-78GQCh-23 P-79GQCh-23 P-80GQCh-23 P-81GQCh-23 P-82GQCh-23 P-83GQCh-23 P-84GQCh-23 P-85GQCh-23 P-86GQCh-23 P-87GQCh-23 P-88GQCh-23 P-89GQCh-23 P-90GQCh-23 P-91GQCh-23 P-92GQCh-23 P-93GQCh-23 P-94GQCh-23 P-95GQCh-23 P-96GQCh-23 P-97GQCh-23 P-98GQCh-23 P-99GQCh-23 P-100GQCh-23 P-101GQCh-23 P-102GQCh-23 P-103ILCh-23 P-104ILCh-23 P-105ILCh-23 P-106ILCh-23 P-107ILCh-23 P-108ILCh-23 P-109ILCh-23 P-110ILCh-23 P-111ILCh-23 P-112ILCh-23 P-113ILCh-23 P-114ILCh-23 P-115SCQCh-23 P-116SCQCh-23 P-117SCQCh-23 P-118SCQCh-23 P-119SCQCh-23 P-120SCQCh-23 P-121SCQ

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