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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Draw structures of the product formed by oxidation of the following alcohols. Assume an excess of oxidizing agent is used in each case.

(a) 2-methyl-1-pentanol

(b) 3-methyl-2-pentanol

(c) HOCH2CH2CH2CH2oh

(d) H2NCH2CH2CH2OH

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of product formed by oxidation of 2-methyl-1-pentanol under excess of oxidizing agent has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Oxidation reaction: The reaction in which addition of oxygen takes place.

The oxidation reaction of an alcohol in presence of excess of oxidizing agent gives carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acid depending upon the nature of alcohol.

A primary alcohol gives carboxylic acid (COOH) in presence of excess oxidizing agent. However, a secondary alcohol gives ketone in presence of excess oxidizing agent.

Explanation

The drawn alcohol 2-methyl-1-pentanol is a primary alcohol as OH group is attached to C-1 of the longest carbon chain

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of product formed by oxidation of 3-methyl-2-pentanol under excess of oxidizing agent has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Oxidation reaction: The reaction in which addition of oxygen takes place.

The oxidation reaction of an alcohol in presence of excess of oxidizing agent gives carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acid depending upon the nature of alcohol.

A primary alcohol gives carboxylic acid (COOH) in presence of excess oxidizing agent. However, a secondary alcohol gives ketone in presence of excess oxidizing agent.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of product formed by oxidation of the given compound under excess of oxidizing agent has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Oxidation reaction: The reaction in which addition of oxygen takes place.

The oxidation reaction of an alcohol in presence of excess of oxidizing agent gives carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acid depending upon the nature of alcohol.

A primary alcohol gives carboxylic acid (COOH) in presence of excess oxidizing agent. However, a secondary alcohol gives ketone in presence of excess oxidizing agent.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of product formed by oxidation of the given compound under excess of oxidizing agent has to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Oxidation reaction: The reaction in which addition of oxygen takes place.

The oxidation reaction of an alcohol in presence of excess of oxidizing agent gives carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acid depending upon the nature of alcohol.

A primary alcohol gives carboxylic acid (COOH) in presence of excess oxidizing agent. However, a secondary alcohol gives ketone in presence of excess oxidizing agent.

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Chapter 23 Solutions

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Sect-23.5 P-1.3ACPSect-23.5 P-2.1ACPSect-23.5 P-2.2ACPSect-23.5 P-2.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.1ACPSect-23.5 P-3.2ACPSect-23.5 P-3.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.4ACPSect-23.5 P-3.5ACPCh-23 P-1PSCh-23 P-2PSCh-23 P-3PSCh-23 P-4PSCh-23 P-5PSCh-23 P-6PSCh-23 P-7PSCh-23 P-8PSCh-23 P-9PSCh-23 P-10PSCh-23 P-11PSCh-23 P-12PSCh-23 P-13PSCh-23 P-14PSCh-23 P-15PSCh-23 P-16PSCh-23 P-17PSCh-23 P-18PSCh-23 P-19PSCh-23 P-20PSCh-23 P-21PSCh-23 P-22PSCh-23 P-23PSCh-23 P-24PSCh-23 P-25PSCh-23 P-26PSCh-23 P-27PSCh-23 P-28PSCh-23 P-29PSCh-23 P-30PSCh-23 P-31PSCh-23 P-32PSCh-23 P-33PSCh-23 P-34PSCh-23 P-35PSCh-23 P-36PSCh-23 P-37PSCh-23 P-38PSCh-23 P-39PSCh-23 P-40PSCh-23 P-41PSCh-23 P-42PSCh-23 P-43PSCh-23 P-44PSCh-23 P-45PSCh-23 P-46PSCh-23 P-47PSCh-23 P-48PSCh-23 P-49PSCh-23 P-50PSCh-23 P-51PSCh-23 P-52PSCh-23 P-53PSCh-23 P-54PSCh-23 P-55PSCh-23 P-56PSCh-23 P-57PSCh-23 P-58PSCh-23 P-59PSCh-23 P-60PSCh-23 P-61PSCh-23 P-62PSCh-23 P-63PSCh-23 P-64PSCh-23 P-65PSCh-23 P-66PSCh-23 P-67PSCh-23 P-68PSCh-23 P-69PSCh-23 P-70PSCh-23 P-71PSCh-23 P-72PSCh-23 P-73PSCh-23 P-74PSCh-23 P-75GQCh-23 P-76GQCh-23 P-77GQCh-23 P-78GQCh-23 P-79GQCh-23 P-80GQCh-23 P-81GQCh-23 P-82GQCh-23 P-83GQCh-23 P-84GQCh-23 P-85GQCh-23 P-86GQCh-23 P-87GQCh-23 P-88GQCh-23 P-89GQCh-23 P-90GQCh-23 P-91GQCh-23 P-92GQCh-23 P-93GQCh-23 P-94GQCh-23 P-95GQCh-23 P-96GQCh-23 P-97GQCh-23 P-98GQCh-23 P-99GQCh-23 P-100GQCh-23 P-101GQCh-23 P-102GQCh-23 P-103ILCh-23 P-104ILCh-23 P-105ILCh-23 P-106ILCh-23 P-107ILCh-23 P-108ILCh-23 P-109ILCh-23 P-110ILCh-23 P-111ILCh-23 P-112ILCh-23 P-113ILCh-23 P-114ILCh-23 P-115SCQCh-23 P-116SCQCh-23 P-117SCQCh-23 P-118SCQCh-23 P-119SCQCh-23 P-120SCQCh-23 P-121SCQ

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