Chapter 2.3, Problem 61E

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7th Edition

Stefan Waner + 1 other

ISBN: 9781337274203

Textbook Problem

**Population Aging** The following table shows the percentage of U.S. residents over the age of 65 in 1950, 1960, …, 2010:^{38}

Year t (years since 1900) |
50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 | 100 | 110 |

Percentage P over 65 (%) |
8.2 | 9.2 | 9.9 | 11.3 | 12.6 | 12.6 | 13 |

**a.** Find the logarithmic regression model of the form
**[HINT:** See Example 4.**]**

**b.** In 1940, 6.9% of the population was over age 65. To how many significant digits does the model reflect this figure?

**c.** Which of the following is correct? The model, if extrapolated into the indefinite future, predicts that

**(A)** The percentage of U.S. residents over the age of 65 will increase without bound.

**(B)** The percentage of U.S. residents over the age of 65 will level off at around 14.2%.

**(C)** The percentage of U.S. residents over the age of 65 will eventually decrease.

**(a)**

To determine

**To calculate:** The logarithmic regression model of the form

Year (year since 1900) |
50 |
60 |
70 |
80 |
90 |
100 |
110 |

Percentage |
8.2 |
9.2 |
9.9 |
11.3 |
12.6 |
12.6 |
13 |

Explanation

**Given Information:**

The given table is,

Year (year since 1900) |
50 |
60 |
70 |
80 |
90 |
100 |
110 |

Percentage |
8.2 |
9.2 |
9.9 |
11.3 |
12.6 |
12.6 |
13 |

**Calculation:**

Consider the table,

Year (year since 1900) |
50 |
60 |
70 |
80 |
90 |
100 |
110 |

Percentage |
8.2 |
9.2 |
9.9 |
11.3 |
12.6 |
12.6 |
13 |

To find the logarithmic regression model use T-83 calculator and follow the blow steps,

Step 1: Use

L1 |
L2 |

60 70 80 90 100 110 |
9 |

**(b)**

To determine

The number of significant digits reflected by the percentage of population of age over 65 in U.S. in 1940.

**(c)**

To determine

The correct statement form the following options,

(A) The percentage of U.S. residents over the age of 65 will increase without bound.

(B) The percentage of U.S. residents over the age of 65 will level off at around 14.2%.

(C) The percentage of U.S. residents over the age of 65 will eventually decrease.

Sect-2.1 P-1ESect-2.1 P-2ESect-2.1 P-3ESect-2.1 P-4ESect-2.1 P-5ESect-2.1 P-6ESect-2.1 P-7ESect-2.1 P-8ESect-2.1 P-9ESect-2.1 P-10E

Sect-2.1 P-11ESect-2.1 P-12ESect-2.1 P-13ESect-2.1 P-14ESect-2.1 P-15ESect-2.1 P-16ESect-2.1 P-17ESect-2.1 P-18ESect-2.1 P-19ESect-2.1 P-20ESect-2.1 P-21ESect-2.1 P-22ESect-2.1 P-23ESect-2.1 P-24ESect-2.1 P-25ESect-2.1 P-26ESect-2.1 P-27ESect-2.1 P-28ESect-2.1 P-29ESect-2.1 P-30ESect-2.1 P-31ESect-2.1 P-32ESect-2.1 P-33ESect-2.1 P-34ESect-2.1 P-35ESect-2.1 P-36ESect-2.1 P-37ESect-2.1 P-38ESect-2.1 P-39ESect-2.1 P-40ESect-2.1 P-41ESect-2.1 P-42ESect-2.1 P-43ESect-2.1 P-44ESect-2.1 P-45ESect-2.1 P-46ESect-2.1 P-47ESect-2.1 P-48ESect-2.1 P-49ESect-2.1 P-50ESect-2.1 P-51ESect-2.1 P-52ESect-2.1 P-53ESect-2.1 P-54ESect-2.1 P-55ESect-2.1 P-56ESect-2.1 P-57ESect-2.1 P-58ESect-2.1 P-59ESect-2.1 P-60ESect-2.1 P-61ESect-2.1 P-62ESect-2.2 P-1ESect-2.2 P-2ESect-2.2 P-3ESect-2.2 P-4ESect-2.2 P-5ESect-2.2 P-6ESect-2.2 P-7ESect-2.2 P-8ESect-2.2 P-9ESect-2.2 P-10ESect-2.2 P-11ESect-2.2 P-12ESect-2.2 P-13ESect-2.2 P-14ESect-2.2 P-15ESect-2.2 P-16ESect-2.2 P-17ESect-2.2 P-18ESect-2.2 P-19ESect-2.2 P-20ESect-2.2 P-21ESect-2.2 P-22ESect-2.2 P-23ESect-2.2 P-24ESect-2.2 P-25ESect-2.2 P-26ESect-2.2 P-27ESect-2.2 P-28ESect-2.2 P-29ESect-2.2 P-30ESect-2.2 P-31ESect-2.2 P-32ESect-2.2 P-33ESect-2.2 P-34ESect-2.2 P-35ESect-2.2 P-36ESect-2.2 P-37ESect-2.2 P-38ESect-2.2 P-39ESect-2.2 P-40ESect-2.2 P-41ESect-2.2 P-42ESect-2.2 P-43ESect-2.2 P-44ESect-2.2 P-45ESect-2.2 P-46ESect-2.2 P-47ESect-2.2 P-48ESect-2.2 P-49ESect-2.2 P-50ESect-2.2 P-51ESect-2.2 P-52ESect-2.2 P-53ESect-2.2 P-54ESect-2.2 P-55ESect-2.2 P-56ESect-2.2 P-57ESect-2.2 P-58ESect-2.2 P-59ESect-2.2 P-60ESect-2.2 P-61ESect-2.2 P-62ESect-2.2 P-63ESect-2.2 P-64ESect-2.2 P-65ESect-2.2 P-66ESect-2.2 P-67ESect-2.2 P-68ESect-2.2 P-69ESect-2.2 P-70ESect-2.2 P-71ESect-2.2 P-72ESect-2.2 P-73ESect-2.2 P-74ESect-2.2 P-75ESect-2.2 P-76ESect-2.2 P-77ESect-2.2 P-78ESect-2.2 P-79ESect-2.2 P-80ESect-2.2 P-81ESect-2.2 P-82ESect-2.2 P-83ESect-2.2 P-84ESect-2.2 P-85ESect-2.2 P-86ESect-2.2 P-87ESect-2.2 P-88ESect-2.2 P-89ESect-2.2 P-90ESect-2.2 P-91ESect-2.2 P-92ESect-2.2 P-93ESect-2.2 P-94ESect-2.2 P-95ESect-2.2 P-96ESect-2.2 P-97ESect-2.2 P-98ESect-2.2 P-99ESect-2.2 P-100ESect-2.2 P-101ESect-2.2 P-102ESect-2.2 P-103ESect-2.2 P-104ESect-2.2 P-105ESect-2.2 P-106ESect-2.2 P-107ESect-2.2 P-108ESect-2.2 P-109ESect-2.2 P-110ESect-2.3 P-1ESect-2.3 P-2ESect-2.3 P-3ESect-2.3 P-4ESect-2.3 P-5ESect-2.3 P-6ESect-2.3 P-7ESect-2.3 P-8ESect-2.3 P-9ESect-2.3 P-10ESect-2.3 P-11ESect-2.3 P-12ESect-2.3 P-13ESect-2.3 P-14ESect-2.3 P-15ESect-2.3 P-16ESect-2.3 P-17ESect-2.3 P-18ESect-2.3 P-19ESect-2.3 P-20ESect-2.3 P-21ESect-2.3 P-22ESect-2.3 P-23ESect-2.3 P-24ESect-2.3 P-25ESect-2.3 P-26ESect-2.3 P-27ESect-2.3 P-28ESect-2.3 P-29ESect-2.3 P-30ESect-2.3 P-31ESect-2.3 P-32ESect-2.3 P-33ESect-2.3 P-34ESect-2.3 P-35ESect-2.3 P-36ESect-2.3 P-37ESect-2.3 P-38ESect-2.3 P-39ESect-2.3 P-40ESect-2.3 P-41ESect-2.3 P-42ESect-2.3 P-43ESect-2.3 P-44ESect-2.3 P-45ESect-2.3 P-46ESect-2.3 P-47ESect-2.3 P-48ESect-2.3 P-49ESect-2.3 P-50ESect-2.3 P-51ESect-2.3 P-52ESect-2.3 P-53ESect-2.3 P-54ESect-2.3 P-55ESect-2.3 P-56ESect-2.3 P-57ESect-2.3 P-58ESect-2.3 P-59ESect-2.3 P-60ESect-2.3 P-61ESect-2.3 P-62ESect-2.3 P-63ESect-2.3 P-64ESect-2.3 P-65ESect-2.3 P-66ESect-2.3 P-67ESect-2.3 P-68ESect-2.3 P-69ESect-2.3 P-70ESect-2.3 P-71ESect-2.3 P-72ESect-2.3 P-73ESect-2.3 P-74ESect-2.3 P-75ESect-2.3 P-76ESect-2.3 P-77ESect-2.4 P-1ESect-2.4 P-2ESect-2.4 P-3ESect-2.4 P-4ESect-2.4 P-5ESect-2.4 P-6ESect-2.4 P-7ESect-2.4 P-8ESect-2.4 P-9ESect-2.4 P-10ESect-2.4 P-11ESect-2.4 P-12ESect-2.4 P-13ESect-2.4 P-14ESect-2.4 P-15ESect-2.4 P-16ESect-2.4 P-17ESect-2.4 P-18ESect-2.4 P-19ESect-2.4 P-20ESect-2.4 P-21ESect-2.4 P-22ESect-2.4 P-23ESect-2.4 P-24ESect-2.4 P-25ESect-2.4 P-26ESect-2.4 P-27ESect-2.4 P-28ESect-2.4 P-29ESect-2.4 P-30ESect-2.4 P-31ESect-2.4 P-33ESect-2.4 P-34ESect-2.4 P-35ESect-2.4 P-36ESect-2.4 P-37ESect-2.4 P-38ESect-2.4 P-39ESect-2.4 P-40ESect-2.4 P-41ESect-2.4 P-42ESect-2.4 P-43ESect-2.4 P-44ECh-2 P-1RECh-2 P-2RECh-2 P-3RECh-2 P-4RECh-2 P-5RECh-2 P-6RECh-2 P-7RECh-2 P-8RECh-2 P-9RECh-2 P-10RECh-2 P-11RECh-2 P-12RECh-2 P-13RECh-2 P-14RECh-2 P-15RECh-2 P-16RECh-2 P-17RECh-2 P-18RECh-2 P-19RECh-2 P-20RECh-2 P-21RECh-2 P-22RECh-2 P-23RECh-2 P-24RECh-2 P-25RECh-2 P-26RECh-2 P-27RECh-2 P-28RECh-2 P-29RECh-2 P-30RECh-2 P-31RECh-2 P-32RECh-2 P-33RECh-2 P-35RECh-2 P-36RECh-2 P-37RECh-2 P-38RECh-2 P-39RECh-2 P-40RECh-2 P-41RECh-2 P-42RECh-2 P-43RECh-2 P-44RECh-2 P-45RECh-2 P-50RE

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