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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 23, Problem 7SQ
Textbook Problem
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A mushroom is _______.

  1. a. a fungal digestive organ
  2. b. the only part of the fungal body mode of hyphae
  3. c. a reproductive structure that releases sexual spores
  4. d. made of haploid hyphae

Summary Introduction

Concept introduction: A mushroom is a fleshy reproductive structure of club fungus (basidiomycetes), which produces sexual spores. They are commonly seen on soil surface or above its food source. Many of the mushrooms are edible in nature, while many are poisonous. Edible mushrooms are very rich in nutrients and in many occasions they are used as a conventional medicine as well.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for the correct answer:  Mushrooms are the fruiting body produced by the fungal group basidiomycetes (club fungus) for the production of sexual spores. It is similar to a fruit (mushroom) in a tree which bears seeds (spores) for reproduction. There are several ways by which a mushroom releases its spores for sexual reproduction.

Option c. is given as, “a reproductive structure that releases sexual spores”. Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies produced by certain fungus for the production of sexual spores. Therefore, option c. is the correct answer.

Reasons for the incorrect answers:

Option a...

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