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KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil (24.1) 3. paleontology 4. amber 5. replacement fossil 6. mold 7. cast 8. trace fossil 9. relative geologic time (24.2) 10. principle of original horizontality 11. principle of superposition 12. principle of cross-cutting relationships 13. unconformities 14. correlation 15. index fossils 16. eons 17. eras 18. periods 19. absolute (numerical) geologic time (24.3) 20. radiometric dating 21. carbon-14 dating 22. geologic time scale (24.5) 23. Cambrian explosion 24. Great Dying 25. epochs 26. K-T event For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list. g. _____ Any remnant or indication of prehistoric life preserved in a rock

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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
Chapter 24, Problem GM
Textbook Problem
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KEY TERMS

  1. 1. geologic time (Intro)
  2. 2. fossil (24.1)
  3. 3. paleontology
  4. 4. amber
  5. 5. replacement fossil
  6. 6. mold
  7. 7. cast
  8. 8. trace fossil
  9. 9. relative geologic time (24.2)
  1. 10. principle of original horizontality
  2. 11. principle of superposition
  3. 12. principle of cross-cutting relationships
  4. 13. unconformities
  5. 14. correlation
  6. 15. index fossils
  7. 16. eons
  8. 17. eras
  9. 18. periods
  1. 19. absolute (numerical) geologic time (24.3)
  2. 20. radiometric dating
  3. 21. carbon-14 dating
  4. 22. geologic time scale (24.5)
  5. 23. Cambrian explosion
  6. 24. Great Dying
  7. 25. epochs
  8. 26. K-T event

For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list.

g. _____ Any remnant or indication of prehistoric life preserved in a rock

To determine

Pick the keyword from the given list: The name given to any remnant or indication of prehistoric life preserved in the rock.

Explanation of Solution

Any remnant or imprint that is preserved in rocks in any form is called as the fossil. The study of fossils is called Paleontology.

Based on the way in which the fossils are stored, the fossil fuels are divided into four main cat...

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Chapter 24 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
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Ch. 24.4 - What is the age of other solar system objects such...Ch. 24.5 - What was the Cambrian explosion?Ch. 24.5 - When was the first indication of humans (Homo...Ch. 24.5 - Refer to Fig. 24.16. What can be said about the...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - KEY TERMS 1. geologic time (Intro) 2. fossil...Ch. 24 - What do paleontologists study? (24.1) (a) Earths...Ch. 24 - Of what is petrified wood made? (24.1) (a) wood...Ch. 24 - What type of remain is a shark tooth? (24.1) (a)...Ch. 24 - What is the name for the type of fossil formed...Ch. 24 - What geologic principle tells us that each...Ch. 24 - What is obtained when rocks and geologic events...Ch. 24 - Into what time spans are eras next divided? (24.2)...Ch. 24 - What is the name of the time period when plants...Ch. 24 - What kind of fossil is widespread and easily...Ch. 24 - What radioactive element gradually decays to lead...Ch. 24 - If the half-life of a radioactive specimen is 100...Ch. 24 - Radiometric dating is used to determine which of...Ch. 24 - Which radiometric dating method is most useful for...Ch. 24 - What is the age of the Earth as determined by...Ch. 24 - Which of these rocks are useful in helping us...Ch. 24 - In what period did land plants thrive? (24.5) (a)...Ch. 24 - Fossils from Precambrian time could include which...Ch. 24 - In what era were dinosaurs common? (24.5) (a)...Ch. 24 - In what era were trilobites common? (24.5) (a)...Ch. 24 - On the geologic time calendar, approximately how...Ch. 24 - Ancient insects can be preserved in tree resin...Ch. 24 - Petrified wood is a common type of ___. (24.1)Ch. 24 - The earliest evidence of ancient life is fossil...Ch. 24 - We live in the ___ era. (24.2)Ch. 24 - A break or gap in the rock record is called a(n)...Ch. 24 - The principle of ___ states that igneous rock is...Ch. 24 - The order in which events occur is called ___....Ch. 24 - ___ is the process of matching rock layers in...Ch. 24 - The longest spans of geologic time are the ___....Ch. 24 - An example of a very important index fossil is a...Ch. 24 - To determine the relative age of a layer of...Ch. 24 - Carbon dating uses the isotope of carbon known as...Ch. 24 - The younger the rock, the ___ the ratio of the...Ch. 24 - Lead-204 is found only in ___ lead.Ch. 24 - Radiometric dating indicates that the age of the...Ch. 24 - Earth rock is a little ___ than Moon rock and...Ch. 24 - The huge supercontinent called ___ broke up in the...Ch. 24 - The extinction that occurred at the end of the...Ch. 24 - The great proliferation of life forms that...Ch. 24 - Our species, Homo sapiens, has been around for...Ch. 24 - What is meant by the phrase geologic time?Ch. 24 - Why are so few fossils of worms found?Ch. 24 - According to the fossil record, how has the...Ch. 24 - Give some examples of replaced remains.Ch. 24 - Arizona is famous for what variety of fossil?Ch. 24 - How is coal formed?Ch. 24 - Explain the difference between a mold and a cast.Ch. 24 - What type of organisms is the oldest for which...Ch. 24 - How do fossils aid in oil exploration?Ch. 24 - Give three examples of trace fossils.Ch. 24 - How might the principle of superposition be...Ch. 24 - Do nonhorizontal rock layers violate any geologic...Ch. 24 - How are faults used in the relative aging of...Ch. 24 - State how much time is represented by an...Ch. 24 - What is meant by correlation?Ch. 24 - How do index fossils aid correlation?Ch. 24 - What four features characterize the best index...Ch. 24 - Use events in your daily life as an analogy to...Ch. 24 - Name the three eras of the Phanerozoic eon in...Ch. 24 - Into how many periods is the Paleozoic era...Ch. 24 - In which period of the Mesozoic era did dinosaurs...Ch. 24 - Name the two periods of the Cenozoic era, with the...Ch. 24 - The Mississippian and Pennsylvanian periods in...Ch. 24 - What is meant by Precambrian time?Ch. 24 - Earths oldest metamorphic and plutonic rock is...Ch. 24 - Why are daughter products in the form of a gas not...Ch. 24 - Carbon-14 dating measures the ratio of carbon-14...Ch. 24 - What are the three conditions for using an isotope...Ch. 24 - Distinguish between primordial lead and radiogenic...Ch. 24 - Give examples of objects dated with carbon-14.Ch. 24 - Give evidence that the Earth is about 4.56 billion...Ch. 24 - About how old are the oldest rocks found on Earth?...Ch. 24 - Briefly, how can the absolute age of a sedimentary...Ch. 24 - On the basis of what geologic or biological events...Ch. 24 - Which era on the geologic time scale encompasses...Ch. 24 - In what era do you live? What period? What epoch?Ch. 24 - What are some of the explanations for the Great...Ch. 24 - What geologic event separates the Pleistocene...Ch. 24 - What biologic event is used by geologists to...Ch. 24 - What is the biological event that started the...Ch. 24 - What probably caused the demise of the dinosaurs...Ch. 24 - To what was the extinction at the end of the...Ch. 24 - What evidence points to the K-T event being...Ch. 24 - In what period and era were the great coal-forming...Ch. 24 - About how many days on the geologic time calendar...Ch. 24 - Visualize the connection and give answers in the...Ch. 24 - What are the strengths and weaknesses of the...Ch. 24 - While on a nature hike, you come upon a rock...Ch. 24 - You see a comic strip in which cavemen and...Ch. 24 - At a jewelry show, you overhear a person looking...Ch. 24 - While standing in line at the grocery store, you...Ch. 24 - Table 24.2 shows, in color, the range in the rock...Ch. 24 - Refer to Table 24.2. (a) What is the range of...Ch. 24 - Figure 24.21 Relative Dating See Exercises 3 and...Ch. 24 - Figure 24.21 Relative Dating See Exercises 3 and...Ch. 24 - Metamorphic rock shows that only 25% of its...Ch. 24 - Volcanic rock is found to have a ratio of parent...Ch. 24 - Refer to Fig. 24.22, which shows a lava flow...Ch. 24 - Suppose that one species of index fossil lived...

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