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Deathly Lamprey Repellent Predation by sea lampreys on native fishes in the Great Lakes is an ongoing problem. To help solve it, Michael Wagner and his team test methods of repelling lampreys. They carried out an experiment to investigate reports that sea lampreys detect the scent of lamprey carcasses and tend to avoid them. The researchers made alcohol-based lamprey carcass extracts, then observed what happened when lampreys were put in tanks and exposed to either this extract or to alcohol alone. FIGURE 25.6 shows their results. FIGURE 25.6 Effectiveness of carcass extracts as a lamprey repellent. Mean proportion of lampreys on the scented side of the test tank during B trials with 10 lampreys. Lampreys were placed in the tank for 20 minutes before exposure to alcohol or carcass extract and remained there for 40 minutes after exposure. The upper graph shows results with alcohol as the stimulus; the lower shows the results with carcass extracts. Bars indicate standard error. Why was it necessary to test the response of lampreys to the scent of alcohol alone?

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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 25, Problem 1DAA
Textbook Problem
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Deathly Lamprey Repellent Predation by sea lampreys on native fishes in the Great Lakes is an ongoing problem. To help solve it, Michael Wagner and his team test methods of repelling lampreys. They carried out an experiment to investigate reports that sea lampreys detect the scent of lamprey carcasses and tend to avoid them. The researchers made alcohol-based lamprey carcass extracts, then observed what happened when lampreys were put in tanks and exposed to either this extract or to alcohol alone. FIGURE 25.6 shows their results.

Chapter 25, Problem 1DAA, Deathly Lamprey Repellent Predation by sea lampreys on native fishes in the Great Lakes is an

FIGURE 25.6 Effectiveness of carcass extracts as a lamprey repellent.

Mean proportion of lampreys on the scented side of the test tank during B trials with 10 lampreys. Lampreys were placed in the tank for 20 minutes before exposure to alcohol or carcass extract and remained there for 40 minutes after exposure. The upper graph shows results with alcohol as the stimulus; the lower shows the results with carcass extracts. Bars indicate standard error.

Why was it necessary to test the response of lampreys to the scent of alcohol alone?

Summary Introduction

To explain: The reason why it is necessary to test the response of lampreys to the scent of the alcohol alone

Concept introduction: Sea lampreys are chordates that are classified as jawless fishes and are major parasitic carnivorous chordates. The sea lampreys are pests in the Great lakes of the USA as they cause loss of several commercial fishes.

Explanation of Solution

In order to reduce the menace of the lampreys, Scientist M and his team designed an experiment to investigate and report that sea lampreys detect the scent of other lamprey carcasses and have the nature to avoid them. The team used alcohol-based extracts of lamprey carcasses. They then observed the results when lampreys were put in two tanks: one with the alcohol-based extract and another with alcohol alone.

The alcohol serves as a control. The lampreys should not have any reaction towards alcohol as they are the additional substance present along with the tissue extract of lamprey carcass. Therefore, it is necessary to confirm that lampreys are not attracted to the scent alcohol.

Conclusion

The lampreys exposed to alcohol alone in the tank will help us to confirm if the lampreys are attracted to the carcass alone or both alcohol and carcass combined.

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