Figure 25-18 shows plots of charge versus potential difference for three parallel-plate capacitors that have the plate areas and separations given in the table. Which plot goes with which capacitor?
Figure 25-18 Question 1.
Which plot goes with which capacitor.
Answer to Problem 1Q
Plot a goes with the capacitor 2. The plot b goes with capacitor 1 and plot c goes with capacitor 3.
Explanation of Solution
Using Eq.25-9, we can find capacitance of each capacitor from the given values of area and plate separation. Then using Eq.25-1, we can compare the capacitance from the slopes of the plots. Then, comparing the predictions about the capacitance yielded from both the equations, we can find out which plot goes with which capacitor.
i) From Eq.25-1, the charge is
ii) From Eq.25-9, the capacitance is
i) For capacitor 1, area is
ii) For capacitor 2, area is
iii) For capacitor 3, area is
iv) For capacitor 1, separation is
v) For capacitor 2, separation is
vi) For capacitor 3, separation is
From Eq.25-1, the charge is
where is the capacitance and is the potential difference.
Therefore, the capacitance is given by
From Eq.25-9, the capacitance is
where is the permittivity, is the area of the plates and is the separation between the plates.
Let, and . Putting it in Eq.25-9 we get,
Capacitor 1 has capacitance,
Similarly, Capacitor 2 has capacitance,
And Capacitor 3 has capacitance,
From this, we can interpret that capacitance of capacitor 2 has the greatest value and capacitor 1 has the greater capacitance than that of capacitor 3.
From the graph, we can infer that the plot a has the greatest slope. Hence, the capacitance and the slope of plot b is greater than that of plot c. Hence, corresponding capacitance.
Therefore, we can conclude that, Plot a goes with capacitor 2, plot b goes with capacitor 1 and plot c goes with capacitor 3.
We can predict about the plots between the charge and the voltage corresponding to capacitors having some area and separation between the plates of capacitor from the slope of the graph and the formula for capacitance.
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