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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Complete the following nuclear equations. Write the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle.

  1. (a) 47 111 Ag  48 111 Cd + ?
  2. (b) 36 87 Kr  -1 0 β + ?
  3. (c) 91 231 Pa  89 237 Ac + ?
  4. (d) 90 230 Th  2 4 He + ?
  5. (e) 35 82 Br  36 82 Kr + ?
  6. (f) ? 12 24 Mg -1 0 β

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

Explanation

Given incomplete nuclear reaction is,

47111Ag48111Cd+?

47111Ag Undergoes nuclear reaction, producing 48111Cd; there is no changes in products and reactant’s mass number while the atomic number is increased by one

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

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