   Chapter 25, Problem 24PS

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Complete the following nuclear equations. Write the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle. (a) 10 19 N e   →   +1 0 β   +  ?   (b) 26 59 Fe   →   -1 0 β   +  ?   (c) 19 40 K   →   -1 0 β   +  ?   (d) 18 37 Ar   + − 1 0   (electron capture)→? (e) 26 55 Fe   + − 1 0 e   (electron capture)→? (f) 13 26 Al   → 12 25 Mg   + ?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

Explanation

Given incomplete nuclear reaction is,

1019Ne+10β+?

This reaction is completed by the emission of a positron from 1019Ne nuclei. Positron emission does not make any change in the mass number of product but the atomic number of product will be decreased by 1

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Given nuclear equation has to be completed and then the mass number, atomic number, and symbol for the remaining particle should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear reaction is a physical process in which there is a change in identity of an atomic nucleus. Natural radioactive decays, artificial radioactive decays... are considered as nuclear reactions because these processes make changes in the identity of an atomic nucleus.

Common particles in radioactive decay and nuclear transformations are mentioned below,

ParticleSymbolProton11Hor11PNeutron01nElectron-10eAlphaparticle24Heor24αBetaparticle-10eor-10βPositron10e

There are various types of nuclear processes. The changes in atomic number and mass number accompanying radioactive decay are mentioned below,

TypeofDecaySymbolchargeMassChangeinatomicnumberChangeinmassnumberBeta-10eor-10β-10+1nonePositron+10e+10-1noneAlpha24Heor24α+24-2-4Gamma00γ00nonenone

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