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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

What particle is emitted in the following nuclear reactions? Write an equation for each reaction.

  1. (a) Gold-198 decays to mercury-198.
  2. (b) Radon-222 decays to polonium-218.
  3. (c) Cesium-137 decays to barium-137.
  4. (d) Indium-110 decays to cadmium-110.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The particle emitted, and their equation has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

In the radioactive decay process the unstable isotopes loses their energy by emitting radiation in order to attain stable species. It is converted in to stable isotopes by emitting positron +10β , gamma 00γ , Beta β10, alpha 24He and or by electron capture 10e .

Isotopes: The two elements with same atomic number but with different mass number are considered as isotopes of each other.

Explanation

Radioactive gold-198 atoms will emit beta particles and transmute into mercury-198 by emitting β10 particle, since there is only difference in atomic numbers of both elements

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The particle emitted, and their equation has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

In the radioactive decay process the unstable isotopes loses their energy by emitting radiation in order to attain stable species. It is converted in to stable isotopes by emitting positron +10β , gamma 00γ , Beta β10, alpha 24He and or by electron capture 10e .

Isotopes: The two elements with same atomic number but with different mass number are considered as isotopes of each other.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The particle emitted, and their equation has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

In the radioactive decay process the unstable isotopes loses their energy by emitting radiation in order to attain stable species. It is converted in to stable isotopes by emitting positron +10β , gamma 00γ , Beta β10, alpha 24He and or by electron capture 10e .

Isotopes: The two elements with same atomic number but with different mass number are considered as isotopes of each other.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The particle emitted, and their equation has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

In the radioactive decay process the unstable isotopes loses their energy by emitting radiation in order to attain stable species. It is converted in to stable isotopes by emitting positron +10β , gamma 00γ , Beta β10, alpha 24He and or by electron capture 10e .

Isotopes: The two elements with same atomic number but with different mass number are considered as isotopes of each other.

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