Chapter 2.7, Problem 20E

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8th Edition

James Stewart

ISBN: 9781285740621

Textbook Problem

Newton’s Law of Gravitation says that the magnitude *F* of the force exerted by a body of mass *m* on a body of mass *M* is

where *G* is the gravitational constant and *r* is the distance between the bodies.

(a) Find *dF/dr* and explain its meaning. What does the minus sign indicate?

(b) Suppose it is known that the earth attracts an object with a force that decreases at the rate of 2 N/ km when

r = 20, 000 km. How fast does this force change when r = 10, 000 km?

To determine

**Part (a)**

**To find**:

and its meaning.

Explanation

**1) Formula**:

Quotient rule:

**2) Given**:

**3) Calculation**:

To determine

**Part (b)**

**To find**: force change when

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P-53ESect-2.R P-54ESect-2.R P-55ESect-2.R P-56ESect-2.R P-57ESect-2.R P-58ESect-2.R P-59ESect-2.R P-60ESect-2.R P-61ESect-2.R P-62ESect-2.R P-63ESect-2.R P-64ESect-2.R P-65ESect-2.R P-66ESect-2.R P-67ESect-2.R P-68ESect-2.R P-69ESect-2.R P-70ESect-2.R P-71ESect-2.R P-72ESect-2.R P-73ESect-2.R P-74ESect-2.R P-75ESect-2.R P-76ESect-2.R P-77ESect-2.R P-78ESect-2.R P-79ESect-2.R P-80ESect-2.R P-81ESect-2.R P-82ESect-2.R P-83ESect-2.R P-84ESect-2.R P-85ESect-2.R P-86ESect-2.R P-87ESect-2.R P-88ESect-2.R P-89ESect-2.R P-90ESect-2.R P-91ESect-2.R P-92ESect-2.P P-1PSect-2.P P-2PSect-2.P P-3PSect-2.P P-4PSect-2.P P-5PSect-2.P P-6PSect-2.P P-7PSect-2.P P-8PSect-2.P P-9PSect-2.P P-10PSect-2.P P-11PSect-2.P P-12PSect-2.P P-13PSect-2.P P-14PSect-2.P P-15PSect-2.P P-16PSect-2.P P-17PSect-2.P P-18PSect-2.P P-19PSect-2.P P-20PSect-2.P P-21PSect-2.P P-22PSect-2.P P-23PSect-2.P P-24PSect-2.P P-25PSect-2.P P-26PSect-2.P P-27PSect-2.P P-28P

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