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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The number of carbon atoms in a terpene is always a multiple of the number

  1. a. four
  2. b. five
  3. c. six
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of carbon atoms present in terpene is always a multiple of how many number of carbon atoms has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Terpenes are organic compounds.  The carbon skeleton of terpene is made up of two or more 5-carbon isoprene structural units.

2-methyl-1,3-butadiene is known as isoprene.  Isoprene is the five‑carbon diene.  The structure of isoprene can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2.7, Problem 2QQ

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Terpenes are organic compounds.  They are made up of isoprene units.  Each isoprene unit has five carbon atoms in its structure.  Therefore, the number of carbon atoms that is present in terpene will be in multiples of five.  Therefore, the correct option is option (b).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the number of carbon atoms present in terpene will be in multiples of four.  Isoprene is the repeating unit in terpenes.  Isoprene is a five carbon atom compound...

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