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Biology (MindTap Course List)

11th Edition
Eldra Solomon + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337392938

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology (MindTap Course List)

11th Edition
Eldra Solomon + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337392938
Chapter 29.5, Problem 11LO
Textbook Problem
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Summarize the importance of fungi to biology and medicine; describe how fungi infect plants and humans, describing at least one fungal animal disease and one fungal plant disease.

Summary Introduction

To describe: The importance of fungi in biology and medicine and the way in which fungi infect humans and plants, describing one fungal disease in both animals and plants.

Introduction:  Fungi are filamentous eukaryotic organisms that reproduce sexually as well as asexually. They have a cell wall made up of chitin. During reproduction, fungi form spores that are disseminated through different modes such as wind current, water current. In today’s world fungi finds a wide range of applications in different scientific studies and industrial processes. They affect humans and plants positively as well as negatively.

Explanation of Solution

The importance of fungi to biology and medicine is given below as:

  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the first eukaryotic organism to be genetically sequenced.
  • Biologists use yeast in different molecular studies such as to study the mechanism of cell division regulation by genes.
  • Studies carried out to understand the mechanism of antifungal drugs and their resistance also makes use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
  • Aspergillus nidulans is used to study cell process and cell division. Genetic information about microtubules can also be studied using this fungus.
  • First discovered antibiotic, Penicillin, was extracted from fungus Penicillium notatum.
  • Other drugs that can be extracted using fungi are cephalosporin, cyclosporin, and statin.

Fungi infect plant and humans such as:

  • Fungi that infect superficial dead cells on the body cause infections such as infections of skin, hair, and nails.
  • Some fungi are opportunistic and infect human body when the immune system is weakened due to some reason such as in AIDS patients, and patients undergoing cancer treatment...

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Chapter 29 Solutions

Biology (MindTap Course List)
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Ch. 29.3 - What evidence supports the hypothesis that...Ch. 29.3 - What are the distinguishing characteristics of...Ch. 29.3 - VISUALIZE Use simple diagrams to illustrate how...Ch. 29.3 - Distinguish among (1) ascocarp, ascus, and...Ch. 29.4 - Summarize the ecological significance of fungi as...Ch. 29.4 - Describe the important ecological role of...Ch. 29.4 - Characterize the unique nature of a lichen.Ch. 29.4 - What is the ecological importance of fungal...Ch. 29.4 - What are some ways in which the relationship...Ch. 29.4 - Many biologists consider a lichen an example of...Ch. 29.5 - Summarize some specific ways that fungi affect...Ch. 29.5 - Summarize the importance of fungi to biology and...Ch. 29.5 - In what ways (both positive and negative) are...Ch. 29.5 - Can fungi be beneficial to plants? In what ways...Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 1....Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 2....Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 3. A...Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 4....Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 5....Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 6....Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 7....Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 8. The...Ch. 29 - Which statement is not true of the basidiomycetes?...Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 10. A...Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 11....Ch. 29 - Test Your Understanding Know and Comprehend 12....Ch. 29 - VISUALIZE The secondary mycelium of a...Ch. 29 - Explain the statement Mushrooms are like the tips...Ch. 29 - EVOLUTION LINK Justify (a) classifying fungi as...Ch. 29 - CONNECT The development of safe and effective...Ch. 29 - Evaluate and Synthesize 17. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY,...

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