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Calculus (MindTap Course List)

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285740621

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Calculus (MindTap Course List)

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285740621
Textbook Problem

Find points P and Q on the parabola y = 1 x 2 so that the triangle ABC formed by the x-axis and the tangent lines at P and Q is an equilateral triangle. (See the figure.)

Chapter 2.P, Problem 1P, Find points P and Q on the parabola y=1x2 so that the triangle ABC formed by the x-axis and the

To determine

To find: points P and Q on the given parabola where tangents form equilateral triangle with x- axis.

Answer

Solutions:

The points are:

P-32,14 and Q32,14.

Explanation

1) Concept:

To find points P and Q we have to use concept of equilateral triangle.

Sides AB and AC make equilateral triangle with x axis, they make an angle of 600. This is used for finding slopes of given lines.

Also find slope of the tangent to given curve by using differentiation and solve for x.

We will get one point from these operations.

For second point use symmetry of graph about y – axis.

2) Formula:

i. Slope of tangent =

mtan=tanθ where θ is the angel it makes with positive x-axis.

ii. Slope of tangent to the curve =

dydx.

3) Given:

Tangents through points P and Q to the given curve y=1-x2 forms equilateral triangle ABC with x– axis.

4) Calculations:

As line AB and AC makes angle 60° with x– axis,

Slope of tangent =mtan=tanθ

Slope of line AC is -3, while that of AB is 3 .

By using definition, Slope of tangent to the curve

y= dydx

Therefore dydx= -2x

Hence, for line AC, let x be the x-coordinate of Q then

-2x=-3x=32

Use this in given equation to find value of Y co-ordinate.

y=1-x2=1-322=1-34=14

Therefore, point Q32,14 By using symmetry of the figure about y – axis co-ordinates of point P is -32,14

Conclusion:

The points are:

P-32,14 and Q32,14.

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