Identify the structures as an amino acid, fatty acid, carbohydrate, or polypeptide. Introduction: Biomolecules are the organic compounds that include carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. These molecules are essential for the survival of living organisms. Most common functional groups present in biomolecules are -OH (hydroxyl), -C=O (carbonyl), -COOH (carboxylic acids), -NH 2 (amino), PO 4 3- (phosphate), and -SH (sulfhydryl). Alcohol and carbonyl form part of sugars (carbohydrates), the carboxyl group is present in fatty acids (lipids), carboxyl, amino, and sulfhydryl groups are present in amino acids (proteins), while nucleic acid contains hydroxyl, phosphate, and amino groups.

BuyFind

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305389892
BuyFind

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305389892

Solutions

Chapter 3, Problem 11TYK
Summary Introduction

To review:

Identify the structures as an amino acid, fatty acid, carbohydrate, or polypeptide.

Introduction:

Biomolecules are the organic compounds that include carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. These molecules are essential for the survival of living organisms. Most common functional groups present in biomolecules are -OH (hydroxyl), -C=O (carbonyl), -COOH (carboxylic acids), -NH2 (amino), PO43- (phosphate), and -SH (sulfhydryl). Alcohol and carbonyl form part of sugars (carbohydrates), the carboxyl group is present in fatty acids (lipids), carboxyl, amino, and sulfhydryl groups are present in amino acids (proteins), while nucleic acid contains hydroxyl, phosphate, and amino groups.

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