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Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 3, Problem 151CP
Textbook Problem
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Use data in this chapter (and Chapter 2) to discuss why MgO is an ionic compound but CO is not an ionic compound.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: An explanation regarding the given fact, MgO being an ionic compound while CO isn’t, is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Ionic compounds are formed because of the electrostatic interactions present between the oppositely charged ions. A covalent compound is formed by the sharing of electrons between two atoms.

To determine: The reason behind MgO being an ionic compound while CO is covalent.

Explanation of Solution

The relationship between the electronegativity and bond type can be described as,

Figure 1

For identical atoms, the difference in electronegativity is zero. Hence, in this type of bonding the electrons are equally shared between atoms. The interaction of two atoms with different electronegativities leads to the formation of an ionic substance...

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
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Ch. 3 - How would you name HBrO4, KIO3, NaBrO2, and HIO?...Ch. 3 - Explain the electronegativity trends across a row...Ch. 3 - The ionic compound AB is formed. The charges on...Ch. 3 - Using only the periodic table. predict the most...Ch. 3 - The bond energy for a CH bond is about 413 kJ/mol...Ch. 3 - Consider the following statement: Because oxygen...Ch. 3 - Which has the greater bond lengths: NO2 or NO3?...Ch. 3 - The following ions are best described with...Ch. 3 - The second electron affinity values for both...Ch. 3 - What is meant by a chemical bond? Why do atoms...Ch. 3 - Why are some bonds ionic and some covalent?Ch. 3 - How does a bond between Na and Cl differ from a...Ch. 3 - Does a Lewis structure tell which electron come...Ch. 3 - Evaluate each of the following as an acceptable...Ch. 3 - Why do we call Ba(NO3)2 barium nitrate, but we...Ch. 3 - Why is calcium dichloride not the correct...Ch. 3 - The common name for NH3 is ammonia. 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