Chapter 3, Problem 26P

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8th Edition

Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other

ISBN: 9781133956570

Textbook Problem

Stephens, Atkins, and Kingston (2009) conducted a research study demonstrating that swearing can help reduce pain. In the study, each participant was asked to plunge a hand into icy water and keep it there as long as the pain would allow. In one condition, the participants repeatedly yelled their favorite curse words while their hands were in the water. In the other condition the participants repeated a neutral word. Data similar to the results obtained in the study are shown in the following table. Calculate the mean number of seconds that the participants could tolerate the pain for each of the two treatment conditions. Does it appear that swearing helped with pain tolerance?

Amount of Time (in seconds) |
||

Participant |
Swear Words |
Neutral Words |

1 |
94 |
59 |

2 |
70 |
61 |

3 |
52 |
47 |

4 |
83 |
60 |

5 |
46 |
35 |

6 |
117 |
92 |

7 |
69 |
53 |

8 |
39 |
30 |

9 |
51 |
56 |

10 |
73 |
61 |

To determine

**To Find:** The mean number of seconds that the participants could tolerate the pain for each of the two treatment conditions.

**To check:** Whether it appears that swearing helped with pain tolerance.

Explanation

**Given info:**

The two-sentences each of size 16 is provided in the question.

**Calculations:**

**Software procedure:**

Step-by-step procedure to obtain the

- Go to
**Variable View>**Enter the name of the variable as**treatment1**, and**treatment2** - Go to
**Data View**>Enter the values of**treatment1**, and**treatment2** - Choose
**Analyze > Descriptive Statistics>**choose**Descriptive.** - Select
**treatment1**,**treatment2**and move it under**variable(s)>**Choose**Options>**Select**Sum.** - Choose
**Continue**> choose**OK.**

Output using the SPSS software is given below:

Sect-3.2 P-1LCSect-3.2 P-2LCSect-3.2 P-3LCSect-3.2 P-4LCSect-3.2 P-5LCSect-3.2 P-1LCASect-3.2 P-2LCASect-3.2 P-3LCASect-3.2 P-4LCASect-3.3 P-1LC

Sect-3.3 P-2LCSect-3.3 P-3LCSect-3.5 P-1LCSect-3.6 P-1LCSect-3.6 P-2LCSect-3.6 P-3LCSect-3.6 P-4LCCh-3 P-1PCh-3 P-2PCh-3 P-3PCh-3 P-4PCh-3 P-5PCh-3 P-6PCh-3 P-7PCh-3 P-8PCh-3 P-9PCh-3 P-10PCh-3 P-11PCh-3 P-12PCh-3 P-13PCh-3 P-14PCh-3 P-15PCh-3 P-16PCh-3 P-17PCh-3 P-18PCh-3 P-19PCh-3 P-20PCh-3 P-21PCh-3 P-22PCh-3 P-23PCh-3 P-24PCh-3 P-25PCh-3 P-26PCh-3 P-27P

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