menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results
close solutoin list

Give electron configurations according to the Bohr model for each of the following elements. Try to not use Figure 3.11, but instead determine the configuration based on your knowledge of the number of electrons in each atom and the maximum number of electrons in each Bohr orbit. Indicate which of these elements you expect to be the most reactive and the least reactive. a. B b. Si c. Ca d. F e. Ar

BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 3, Problem 27E
Textbook Problem
65 views

Give electron configurations according to the Bohr model for each of the following elements. Try to not use Figure 3.11, but instead determine the configuration based on your knowledge of the number of electrons in each atom and the maximum number of electrons in each Bohr orbit. Indicate which of these elements you expect to be the most reactive and the least reactive.

a. B

b. Si

c. Ca

d. F

e. Ar

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations of the given elements alongwith their reactivity are to be represented.

Concept Introduction:

As per Bohr’s model of an atom, electrons are arranged in orbits. Orbits are circular paths in which electrons revolve around the nucleus. There can be a maximum of two electrons in the first orbit, eight electrons each in the second and third orbits and eighteen electrons in the fourth orbit.

The arrangement of electrons in an orbit is termed as electronic configuration. The atoms in which the orbits are completely filled are the least chemically reactive while those in which the orbits are incomplete are reactive.

The elements that exceed or are short by one or two electrons to attain the completely-filled configuration are chemically the most reactive. In comparison, those that differ by one electron from the completely-filled configuration are more reactive than those that differ by two electrons.

The electrons present in the last orbit of the electronic configuration of an atom are called valence electrons. If two elements have thesame number of valence electrons, they will have similar properties.

Explanation of Solution

a) B

Boron is a chemical element that contains 5 electrons in it. Its electronic configuration is 2,3. Hence, it is chemically reactive, but not the most reactive as it exceeds the completely-filled configuration by three electrons. Therefore, boron is chemically reactive.

b) Si

Silicon is a chemical element that contains 14 electrons. Its electronic configuration is 2,8,4. Hence, it is chemically reactive in nature but not the most reactive as it exceeds the completely-filled configuration by four electrons.

c) Ca

Calcium is a chemical element that contains 20 electrons. Its electronic configuration is 2,8,8,2

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 3 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 3 - Based on their electron configurations, which of...Ch. 3 - Which pair of elements do you expect to be most...Ch. 3 - Which statement is true of the quantum mechanical...Ch. 3 - Why is it important to understand atoms?Ch. 3 - Describe an atom.Ch. 3 - What defines an element? How many naturally...Ch. 3 - List three different ways that chemical elements...Ch. 3 - Use the periodic table to write the name and the...Ch. 3 - Define each term: a. atomic number b. mass number...Ch. 3 - Write the mass and charge of the proton, neutron,...Ch. 3 - What is the periodic law?Ch. 3 - What was Mendeleevs largest contribution to the...Ch. 3 - Explain the Bohr model for the atom. How does the...Ch. 3 - Explain the quantum mechanical model for the atom....Ch. 3 - Give two examples of each: a. alkali metal b....Ch. 3 - Which elements exist as diatomic molecules?Ch. 3 - Explain the difference and similarity between...Ch. 3 - Determine the charge of each ion: a rubidium atom...Ch. 3 - Determine the charge of each of the following: a...Ch. 3 - Determine the number of protons and electrons in...Ch. 3 - Determine the number of protons and electrons in...Ch. 3 - Give the atomic number (Z) and the mass number (A)...Ch. 3 - Give the atomic number (Z) and mass number (A) for...Ch. 3 - The following isotopes have applications in...Ch. 3 - The following isotopes are important in nuclear...Ch. 3 - 14C is used in carbon dating of artifacts....Ch. 3 - 40K is used to measure the age of Earth. Determine...Ch. 3 - Determine the number of protons, neutrons, and...Ch. 3 - Determine the number of protons, neutrons, and...Ch. 3 - Give electron configurations according to the Bohr...Ch. 3 - Give electron configurations according to the Bohr...Ch. 3 - How many valence electrons are in each of the...Ch. 3 - How many valence electrons are in each element of...Ch. 3 - Draw electron configurations for each of the...Ch. 3 - Draw electron configurations for each of the...Ch. 3 - Which two of the following elements would you...Ch. 3 - Group the following elements into three similar...Ch. 3 - We have seen that the reactivity of an element is...Ch. 3 - What is the electron configuration of Mg2+? How...Ch. 3 - Classify each of the following elements as a...Ch. 3 - Classify each of the following as a metal, a...Ch. 3 - Calculate the atomic mass of neon (Ne), which is...Ch. 3 - An element has two naturally occurring isotopes....Ch. 3 - A fictitious element has two naturally occurring...Ch. 3 - Copper has two naturally occurring isotopes. Cu-63...Ch. 3 - How many moles of titanium are present in 124 g of...Ch. 3 - How many moles of carbon are there in a diamond...Ch. 3 - How many moles are there in each sample? a. 45 mg...Ch. 3 - How many moles are there in each sample? a. 55.0 g...Ch. 3 - What is the mass of each sample? a.1.8 mol S...Ch. 3 - What is the mass of each sample? a.2.75 mol Fe...Ch. 3 - Determine the number of atoms in each sample....Ch. 3 - Determine the number of atoms in each sample....Ch. 3 - How many Ag atoms are present in a piece of pure...Ch. 3 - How many platinum atoms are in a pure platinum...Ch. 3 - A pure gold necklace has a volume of 1.8cm3. How...Ch. 3 - A titanium bicycle component has a volume of...Ch. 3 - An iron sphere has a radius of 3.4 cm. How many...Ch. 3 - Calculate the number of atoms in the universe. The...Ch. 3 - The introduction to this chapter states that...Ch. 3 - Suppose the absolute value of the charge of the...Ch. 3 - When we refer to doughnuts or cookies, we often...Ch. 3 - Draw 101 squares on a piece of paper and time...Ch. 3 - Why does Avogadros number have such an odd value?...Ch. 3 - Can you think of anything that is not composed of...Ch. 3 - Explain the connection between the properties of...Ch. 3 - Read the interest box in this chapter entitled...Ch. 3 - Here are three fictitious elements and a molecular...Ch. 3 - Read the box entitled What if . . . Complexity Out...Ch. 3 - Gather any two of the following items, measure...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
By law, food labels must name the ingredients in descending order of predominance by weight and in ordinary lan...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What is hereditarianism, and what is the invalid assumption it makes?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

Why does helium fusion require a higher temperature than hydrogen fusion?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

List the functions of the cardiovascular system.

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

What is the maximum number of bonds that a carbon atom can form?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)

It is the morning of a day that will become hot. You just purchased drinks for a picnic and are loading them, w...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

A(n) ________ substance repels water. a. acidic b. basic c. hydrophobic d. polar

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)