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The Basics of Social Research (Min...

7th Edition
Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305503076

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

The Basics of Social Research (Min...

7th Edition
Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305503076
Chapter 3, Problem 2RQE
Textbook Problem
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Review the discussion of the Milgram experiment on obedience. How would you design a study to accomplish the same purpose while avoiding the ethical criticisms leveled at Milgram? Would your design be equally valid? Would it have the same effect?

Summary Introduction

Introduction:

Milgram was criticized for misleading his subjects, and making them think they were harming a person during the study. This could constitute psychological trauma for some people. This experiment cannot be replicated in the United States because it would be against ethical standards, but it has been done in other countries. One way to reduce the ethical concerns is to keep the maximum electric “shock” below lethal levels. I think it would have similar validity, but less of an effect on subjects.

Explanation of Solution

Answer and explanation:

(This question requires a subjective response, this is an example.) Milgram’s famous obedience experiments were very revealing, and beset with criticism for how he misled his subjects by telling them the experiment was not about their behavior. He also deceived them into believing they were delivering electric shocks to an actor who expressed increasing pain up to and including a simulated death. In the United States, ethical guidelines prohibit replicating this experiment, but standards vary in other countries...

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