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Accounting (Text Only)

26th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
ISBN: 9781285743615

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Accounting (Text Only)

26th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
ISBN: 9781285743615
Textbook Problem
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Effect of omitting adjusting entry

Accrued salaries owed to employees for October 30 and 31 are not considered in preparing the financial statements for the year ended October 31. Indicate which items will be erroneously stated, because of the error, on (a) the income statement for the year and (b) the balance sheet as of October 31. Also indicate whether the items in error will be overstated or understated.

To determine

Adjusting entries

Adjusting entries are those entries which are made at the end of the accounting period, to record the revenues in the period of which they have been earned and to record the expenses in the period of which have been incurred, as well as to update all the balances of assets and liabilities accounts on the balance sheet, and to ascertain accurate amount of net income (loss) on the income statement to maintain the records according to the accrual basis principle.

Accounting rules for journal entries:

  • To record increase balance of account: Debit assets, expenses, losses and credit liabilities, capital, revenue and gains.
  • To record decrease balance of account: Credit assets, expenses, losses and debit liabilities, capital, revenue and gains.

To indicate: The item which is erroneously stated because of the error, and its effects on the balance sheet and income statement.

Explanation

If the omitted transaction would be recorded, it would increase both salaries payable account, and salaries expense account for the amount of salaries accrued. Since the adjusting entry for accrued salaries is not recorded, it will affect two accounts such as salaries payable account (liabilities), and salaries expense account (expenses)...

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