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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Determine the maximum number of hydrogen bonds that can form between an ethanol molecule and

  1. a. other ethanol molecules
  2. b. water molecules
  3. c. methanol molecules
  4. d. 1-propanol molecules

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The maximum number of hydrogen bonds that can form between an ethanol molecule and other ethanol molecules has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohol is an organic compound that has hydroxyl as its functional group.  Alcohols contain both nonpolar and polar groups in it.  Hydroxyl group is the polar group and the alkyl group is the nonpolar group.  Physical properties of alcohol depend on which of the two groups dominate.

Due to the polar group present in alcohol, it can form hydrogen bonding with water molecules.  Hydrogen bond are weak force of attraction.

Explanation

Ethanol has a hydroxyl group as its functional group.  Ethanol molecule contains a single oxygen atom with two lone pair of electrons on it.  These two lone pairs present on oxygen atom in hydroxyl group can involve in hydrogen bonding with other ethanol molecule.  There lies a polarity difference between the oxygen and hydrogen in the hydroxyl group...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The maximum number of hydrogen bonds that can form between an ethanol molecule and water molecules has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohol is an organic compound that has hydroxyl as its functional group.  Alcohols contain both nonpolar and polar groups in it.  Hydroxyl group is the polar group and the alkyl group is the nonpolar group.  Physical properties of alcohol depend on which of the two groups dominate.

Due to the polar group present in alcohol, it can form hydrogen bonding with water molecules.  Hydrogen bond are weak force of attraction.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The maximum number of hydrogen bonds that can form between an ethanol molecule and methanol molecules has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohol is an organic compound that has hydroxyl as its functional group.  Alcohols contain both nonpolar and polar groups in it.  Hydroxyl group is the polar group and the alkyl group is the nonpolar group.  Physical properties of alcohol depend on which of the two groups dominate.

Due to the polar group present in alcohol, it can form hydrogen bonding with water molecules.  Hydrogen bond are weak force of attraction.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The maximum number of hydrogen bonds that can form between an ethanol molecule and 1-propanol molecules has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohol is an organic compound that has hydroxyl as its functional group.  Alcohols contain both nonpolar and polar groups in it.  Hydroxyl group is the polar group and the alkyl group is the nonpolar group.  Physical properties of alcohol depend on which of the two groups dominate.

Due to the polar group present in alcohol, it can form hydrogen bonding with water molecules.  Hydrogen bond are weak force of attraction.

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