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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structure of the predominant organic product formed in each of the following reactions involving alcohol molecules as the reactants.

Chapter 3, Problem 3.56EP, Draw the structure of the predominant organic product formed in each of the following reactions , example  1

Chapter 3, Problem 3.56EP, Draw the structure of the predominant organic product formed in each of the following reactions , example  2

Chapter 3, Problem 3.56EP, Draw the structure of the predominant organic product formed in each of the following reactions , example  3

Chapter 3, Problem 3.56EP, Draw the structure of the predominant organic product formed in each of the following reactions , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The predominant organic product structure in the given reaction that involves alcohol as reactant has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Dehydration reaction is the loss of water from a single reactant.  Alcohol undergoes dehydration reaction to form alkene.  Sulfuric acid acts as a catalyst for hydration of alkene at room temperature.  The same sulfuric acid acts as a dehydrating agent when treated with alcohol at high temperature.  If the reaction is carried out at a lower temperature, the loss of water molecule takes place from two molecule of reactant.  This results in the formation of ether.  Primary alcohol when treated with sulfuric acid at lower temperature (140°C) gives ether as the product while secondary and primary alcohol gives alkene as the main product in good yield.

Explanation

Given reaction is,

From the reaction condition given on the reaction arrow and the reactant, it is found that the given reaction is a dehydration reaction.  Dehydration of alcohol at lower temperature gives ether as the product...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The predominant organic product structure in the given reaction that involves alcohol as reactant has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Dehydration reaction is the loss of water from a single reactant.  Alcohol undergoes dehydration reaction to form alkene.  Sulfuric acid acts as a catalyst for hydration of alkene at room temperature.  The same sulfuric acid acts as a dehydrating agent when treated with alcohol at high temperature.  If the reaction is carried out at a lower temperature, the loss of water molecule takes place from two molecule of reactant.  This results in the formation of ether.  Primary alcohol when treated with sulfuric acid at lower temperature (140°C) gives ether as the product while secondary and primary alcohol gives alkene as the main product in good yield.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The predominant organic product structure in the given reaction that involves alcohol as reactant has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Dehydration reaction is the loss of water from a single reactant.  Alcohol undergoes dehydration reaction to form alkene.  Sulfuric acid acts as a catalyst for hydration of alkene at room temperature.  The same sulfuric acid acts as a dehydrating agent when treated with alcohol at high temperature.  If the reaction is carried out at a lower temperature, the loss of water molecule takes place from two molecule of reactant.  This results in the formation of ether.  Primary alcohol when treated with sulfuric acid at lower temperature (140°C) gives ether as the product while secondary and primary alcohol gives alkene as the main product in good yield.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The predominant organic product structure in the given reaction that involves alcohol as reactant has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Dehydration reaction is the loss of water from a single reactant.  Alcohol undergoes dehydration reaction to form alkene.  Sulfuric acid acts as a catalyst for hydration of alkene at room temperature.  The same sulfuric acid acts as a dehydrating agent when treated with alcohol at high temperature.  If the reaction is carried out at a lower temperature, the loss of water molecule takes place from two molecule of reactant.  This results in the formation of ether.  Primary alcohol when treated with sulfuric acid at lower temperature (140°C) gives ether as the product while secondary and primary alcohol gives alkene as the main product in good yield.

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