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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the molecular formula for each of the following alcohols in which all carbon–carbon bonds are single bonds?

  1. a. three carbon atoms, one –OH group
  2. b. five carbon atoms, one –OH group

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The molecular formula of the alcohol that contains three carbon atoms and one hydroxyl group where all the bonds between carbon atoms are single bonds has to be given.

Explanation

Alcohol is an organic compound in which the oxygen atom is present that is bonded to a hydrogen atom and a saturated carbon atom. A saturated carbon atom is the one which is bonded to four other atoms. This can be depicted as,

Alcohols are also viewed as hydroxyl derivatives of alkanes and cycloalkanes. In this a hydrogen atom in alkane or cycloalkane is replaced by the hydroxyl group.

The molecular formula for alcohol can be found from the molecular formula of alkane from which the alcohol is formed. In the problem statement, it is said that the alcohol has three carbon atoms...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The molecular formula of the alcohol that contains five carbon atoms and one hydroxyl group where all the bonds between carbon atoms are single bonds has to be given.

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