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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Complete and balance the equations for the following acid-base reactions. Name the reactants and products.

(a) CH3CO2H(aq) + Mg(OH)2(s) →

(b) HC1O4(aq) + NH3(aq) →

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given reaction should be balanced and the reactant and product should be named.

Concept introduction:

The law of conservation of mass states that no atoms can be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, therefore, the number of atoms present in the reactants is equal to the number of atoms present in the products.

Bronsted acid: An acid donates (loses)H+ ion.

Bronsted Base: A base accepts (gains)H+ ion.

Explanation

The balanced equation for the given reaction is shown below

  

Acetic acid is reacts with magnesium hydroxide which gives magnesium acetate and water.

Balance the equation,

Balance the carbon atom in the given equation, when balancing the equation, we should not alter the subscripts and we can change coefficients.  There are four carbon atoms in the right side and two carbon atoms in the left side.  Therefore two molecule of acetic acid is added to left side of reaction.  Therefore the balanced equation is given below...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given reaction should be balanced and the reactant and product should be named.

Concept introduction:

The law of conservation of mass states that no atoms can be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, therefore, the number of atoms present in the reactants is equal to the number of atoms present in the products.

Bronsted acid: An acid donates (loses)H+ ion.

Bronsted Base: A base accepts (gains)H+ ion.

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