BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structure of the expected predominant organic product formed in each of the following reactions.

Chapter 3, Problem 3.70EP, Draw the structure of the expected predominant organic product formed in each of the following , example  1

Chapter 3, Problem 3.70EP, Draw the structure of the expected predominant organic product formed in each of the following , example  2

Chapter 3, Problem 3.70EP, Draw the structure of the expected predominant organic product formed in each of the following , example  3

Chapter 3, Problem 3.70EP, Draw the structure of the expected predominant organic product formed in each of the following , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structure of predominant organic product that is formed in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohols undergo halogenation reaction to give halogenated product.  Alcohols on halogenation gives halogenated product in which the hydroxyl group present in the alcohol is substituted by the halogen.  Phosphorous trihalides are useful in producing alkyl halides from alcohols.  The general reaction can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 3, Problem 3.70EP

Explanation

Given reaction is,

From the reaction condition given on the reaction arrow and the reactant, it is found that the given reaction is a halogenation reaction.  Halogenation of alcohol gives alkyl halide as the product.  The alcohol used here is 2-methylcyclopentanol...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structure of predominant organic product that is formed in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Dehydration reaction is the loss of water from a single reactant.  Alcohol undergoes dehydration reaction to form alkene.  Sulfuric acid acts as a catalyst for hydration of alkene at room temperature.  The same sulfuric acid acts as a dehydrating agent when treated with alcohol at high temperature.  If the reaction is carried out at a lower temperature, the loss of water molecule takes place from two molecule of reactant.  This results in the formation of ether.  Primary alcohol when treated with sulfuric acid at lower temperature (140°C) gives ether as the product while secondary and primary alcohol gives alkene as the main product in good yield.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structure of predominant organic product that is formed in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry, oxidation reaction is referred to the number CO bonds increase and/or number of CH bonds decrease.

In organic chemistry, reduction reaction is referred to the number CO bonds decrease and/or number of CH bonds increase.

Alcohols do undergo oxidation reaction and reduction reaction.  This depends upon the number of hydrogen atoms that is bonded to the alpha carbon atom.  Primary and secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction while tertiary alcohol does not undergo oxidation reaction.  Primary alcohols undergo oxidation to give aldehyde and carboxylic acid as product.  Secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation to give ketone as the product.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structure of predominant organic product that is formed in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Dehydration reaction is the loss of water from a single reactant.  Alcohol undergoes dehydration reaction to form alkene.  Sulfuric acid acts as a catalyst for hydration of alkene at room temperature.  The same sulfuric acid acts as a dehydrating agent when treated with alcohol at high temperature.  If the reaction is carried out at a lower temperature, the loss of water molecule takes place from two molecule of reactant.  This results in the formation of ether.  Primary alcohol when treated with sulfuric acid at lower temperature (140°C) gives ether as the product while secondary and primary alcohol gives alkene as the main product in good yield.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-3.4 P-2QQSect-3.4 P-3QQSect-3.5 P-1QQSect-3.5 P-2QQSect-3.5 P-3QQSect-3.5 P-4QQSect-3.6 P-1QQSect-3.6 P-2QQSect-3.6 P-3QQSect-3.7 P-1QQSect-3.7 P-2QQSect-3.8 P-1QQSect-3.8 P-2QQSect-3.9 P-1QQSect-3.9 P-2QQSect-3.9 P-3QQSect-3.9 P-4QQSect-3.9 P-5QQSect-3.9 P-6QQSect-3.10 P-1QQSect-3.10 P-2QQSect-3.11 P-1QQSect-3.11 P-2QQSect-3.11 P-3QQSect-3.12 P-1QQSect-3.12 P-2QQSect-3.13 P-1QQSect-3.13 P-2QQSect-3.13 P-3QQSect-3.14 P-1QQSect-3.14 P-2QQSect-3.14 P-3QQSect-3.15 P-1QQSect-3.15 P-2QQSect-3.15 P-3QQSect-3.15 P-4QQSect-3.16 P-1QQSect-3.16 P-2QQSect-3.17 P-1QQSect-3.17 P-2QQSect-3.17 P-3QQSect-3.18 P-1QQSect-3.18 P-2QQSect-3.18 P-3QQSect-3.19 P-1QQSect-3.19 P-2QQSect-3.20 P-1QQSect-3.20 P-2QQSect-3.20 P-3QQSect-3.20 P-4QQSect-3.20 P-5QQSect-3.21 P-1QQSect-3.21 P-2QQSect-3.21 P-3QQSect-3.21 P-4QQSect-3.21 P-5QQCh-3 P-3.1EPCh-3 P-3.2EPCh-3 P-3.3EPCh-3 P-3.4EPCh-3 P-3.5EPCh-3 P-3.6EPCh-3 P-3.7EPCh-3 P-3.8EPCh-3 P-3.9EPCh-3 P-3.10EPCh-3 P-3.11EPCh-3 P-3.12EPCh-3 P-3.13EPCh-3 P-3.14EPCh-3 P-3.15EPCh-3 P-3.16EPCh-3 P-3.17EPCh-3 P-3.18EPCh-3 P-3.19EPCh-3 P-3.20EPCh-3 P-3.21EPCh-3 P-3.22EPCh-3 P-3.23EPCh-3 P-3.24EPCh-3 P-3.25EPCh-3 P-3.26EPCh-3 P-3.27EPCh-3 P-3.28EPCh-3 P-3.29EPCh-3 P-3.30EPCh-3 P-3.31EPCh-3 P-3.32EPCh-3 P-3.33EPCh-3 P-3.34EPCh-3 P-3.35EPCh-3 P-3.36EPCh-3 P-3.37EPCh-3 P-3.38EPCh-3 P-3.39EPCh-3 P-3.40EPCh-3 P-3.41EPCh-3 P-3.42EPCh-3 P-3.43EPCh-3 P-3.44EPCh-3 P-3.45EPCh-3 P-3.46EPCh-3 P-3.47EPCh-3 P-3.48EPCh-3 P-3.49EPCh-3 P-3.50EPCh-3 P-3.51EPCh-3 P-3.52EPCh-3 P-3.53EPCh-3 P-3.54EPCh-3 P-3.55EPCh-3 P-3.56EPCh-3 P-3.57EPCh-3 P-3.58EPCh-3 P-3.59EPCh-3 P-3.60EPCh-3 P-3.61EPCh-3 P-3.62EPCh-3 P-3.63EPCh-3 P-3.64EPCh-3 P-3.65EPCh-3 P-3.66EPCh-3 P-3.67EPCh-3 P-3.68EPCh-3 P-3.69EPCh-3 P-3.70EPCh-3 P-3.71EPCh-3 P-3.72EPCh-3 P-3.73EPCh-3 P-3.74EPCh-3 P-3.75EPCh-3 P-3.76EPCh-3 P-3.77EPCh-3 P-3.78EPCh-3 P-3.79EPCh-3 P-3.80EPCh-3 P-3.81EPCh-3 P-3.82EPCh-3 P-3.83EPCh-3 P-3.84EPCh-3 P-3.85EPCh-3 P-3.86EPCh-3 P-3.87EPCh-3 P-3.88EPCh-3 P-3.89EPCh-3 P-3.90EPCh-3 P-3.91EPCh-3 P-3.92EPCh-3 P-3.93EPCh-3 P-3.94EPCh-3 P-3.95EPCh-3 P-3.96EPCh-3 P-3.97EPCh-3 P-3.98EPCh-3 P-3.99EPCh-3 P-3.100EPCh-3 P-3.101EPCh-3 P-3.102EPCh-3 P-3.103EPCh-3 P-3.104EPCh-3 P-3.105EPCh-3 P-3.106EPCh-3 P-3.107EPCh-3 P-3.108EPCh-3 P-3.109EPCh-3 P-3.110EPCh-3 P-3.111EPCh-3 P-3.112EPCh-3 P-3.113EPCh-3 P-3.114EPCh-3 P-3.115EPCh-3 P-3.116EPCh-3 P-3.117EPCh-3 P-3.118EPCh-3 P-3.119EPCh-3 P-3.120EPCh-3 P-3.121EPCh-3 P-3.122EPCh-3 P-3.123EPCh-3 P-3.124EPCh-3 P-3.125EPCh-3 P-3.126EPCh-3 P-3.127EPCh-3 P-3.128EPCh-3 P-3.129EPCh-3 P-3.130EPCh-3 P-3.131EPCh-3 P-3.132EPCh-3 P-3.133EPCh-3 P-3.134EPCh-3 P-3.135EPCh-3 P-3.136EPCh-3 P-3.137EPCh-3 P-3.138EPCh-3 P-3.139EPCh-3 P-3.140EPCh-3 P-3.141EPCh-3 P-3.142EPCh-3 P-3.143EPCh-3 P-3.144EPCh-3 P-3.145EPCh-3 P-3.146EP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Provide two reasons why meiosis leads to genetic variation in diploid organisms.

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

Do individuals evolve? Explain your answer.

Biology (MindTap Course List)

A B vitamin often forms part of an enzyme's active site, where a chemical reaction takes place. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

A certain ideal gas has a molar specific heat of Cv = 72R. A 2.00-mol sample of the gas always starts at pressu...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)