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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign a common name to each of the ethers in Problem 14-96.

Chapter 3, Problem 3.98EP, Assign a common name to each of the ethers in Problem 14-96. , example  1

Chapter 3, Problem 3.98EP, Assign a common name to each of the ethers in Problem 14-96. , example  2

Chapter 3, Problem 3.98EP, Assign a common name to each of the ethers in Problem 14-96. , example  3

Chapter 3, Problem 3.98EP, Assign a common name to each of the ethers in Problem 14-96. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The common name for the given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

Rules for assigning common names to ether:

For obtaining common name for ether, two rules are applicable, one for symmetrical ethers and one for unsymmetrical ethers.

  • ✓ For unsymmetrical ethers, the two hydrocarbon groups that is attached to the oxygen atom is arranged in an alphabetical order and the word ether is added.  The words are separated by a space.  These names have three words with space between them.
  • ✓ For symmetrical ethers, prefix di- is used.  Then the word ether is added with a space between the two words.  These names have two words with space between them.
Explanation

The structure of given ether is shown below,

First step is to identify the hydrocarbon groups attached to the oxygen atom.  In this case, it is a two carbon alkyl group.  As the hydrocarbon groups are the same that is attached to the carbon atom, the given ether is a symmetrical ether...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The common name for the given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

Rules for assigning common names to ether:

For obtaining common name for ether, two rules are applicable, one for symmetrical ethers and one for unsymmetrical ethers.

  • ✓ For unsymmetrical ethers, the two hydrocarbon groups that is attached to the oxygen atom is arranged in an alphabetical order and the word ether is added.  The words are separated by a space.  These names have three words with space between them.
  • ✓ For symmetrical ethers, prefix di- is used.  Then the word ether is added with a space between the two words.  These names have two words with space between them.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The common name for the given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

Rules for assigning common names to ether:

For obtaining common name for ether, two rules are applicable, one for symmetrical ethers and one for unsymmetrical ethers.

  • ✓ For unsymmetrical ethers, the two hydrocarbon groups that is attached to the oxygen atom is arranged in an alphabetical order and the word ether is added.  The words are separated by a space.  These names have three words with space between them.
  • ✓ For symmetrical ethers, prefix di- is used.  Then the word ether is added with a space between the two words.  These names have two words with space between them.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The common name for the given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

Rules for assigning common names to ether:

For obtaining common name for ether, two rules are applicable, one for symmetrical ethers and one for unsymmetrical ethers.

  • ✓ For unsymmetrical ethers, the two hydrocarbon groups that is attached to the oxygen atom is arranged in an alphabetical order and the word ether is added.  The words are separated by a space.  These names have three words with space between them.
  • ✓ For symmetrical ethers, prefix di- is used.  Then the word ether is added with a space between the two words.  These names have two words with space between them.

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