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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ethers.

Chapter 3, Problem 3.99EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ethers. , example  1

Chapter 3, Problem 3.99EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ethers. , example  2

Chapter 3, Problem 3.99EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ethers. , example  3

Chapter 3, Problem 3.99EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ethers. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

IUPAC rules for naming ether:

  • ✓ The base name is found from the longest carbon chain present in ether.
  • ✓ The suffix –yl has to be changed to –oxy in order to obtain the alkoxy group name.  For example, ethyl becomes as ethoxy, methyl becomes as methoxy etc.
  • ✓ Alkoxy name has to be placed first with the number (carbon atom to which the alkoxy group is attached) followed by the base name.
Explanation

The structure of given ether is shown below,

First step is to identify the longest carbon chain.  In this case it is a five carbon chain.  Hence, the base name is pentane.

Next step is to identify the alkoxy group.  In the given ether, the alkoxy group is found to be methoxy as it contains one carbon atom...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

IUPAC rules for naming ether:

  • ✓ The base name is found from the longest carbon chain present in ether.
  • ✓ The suffix –yl has to be changed to –oxy in order to obtain the alkoxy group name.  For example, ethyl becomes as ethoxy, methyl becomes as methoxy etc.
  • ✓ Alkoxy name has to be placed first with the number (carbon atom to which the alkoxy group is attached) followed by the base name.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

IUPAC rules for naming ether:

  • ✓ The base name is found from the longest carbon chain present in ether.
  • ✓ The suffix –yl has to be changed to –oxy in order to obtain the alkoxy group name.  For example, ethyl becomes as ethoxy, methyl becomes as methoxy etc.
  • ✓ Alkoxy name has to be placed first with the number (carbon atom to which the alkoxy group is attached) followed by the base name.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of given ether has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

IUPAC rules for naming ether:

  • ✓ The base name is found from the longest carbon chain present in ether.
  • ✓ The suffix –yl has to be changed to –oxy in order to obtain the alkoxy group name.  For example, ethyl becomes as ethoxy, methyl becomes as methoxy etc.
  • ✓ Alkoxy name has to be placed first with the number (carbon atom to which the alkoxy group is attached) followed by the base name.

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