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Suppose a researcher who is personally in favor of small families—as a response to the problem of overpopulation—wants to conduct a survey to determine why some people want many children and others don’t. What personal-involvement problems would the researcher face, and how could she or he avoid them? What ethical issues should the researcher take into account in designing the survey?

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The Basics of Social Research (Min...

7th Edition
Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305503076

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

The Basics of Social Research (Min...

7th Edition
Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305503076
Chapter 3, Problem 3RQE
Textbook Problem
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Suppose a researcher who is personally in favor of small families—as a response to the problem of overpopulation—wants to conduct a survey to determine why some people want many children and others don’t. What personal-involvement problems would the researcher face, and how could she or he avoid them? What ethical issues should the researcher take into account in designing the survey?

Summary Introduction

Introduction:

This researcher must guard against letting her/his bias for small families shape the way questions are written on the survey, and how the results are interpreted. When someone starts with a goal in mind, confirmation bias makes it harder to be objective during and after the study. One way to avoid this problem involves the use of “blind” research techniques.

Explanation of Solution

Answer and explanation:

(This question requires a subjective response, this is an example.) A researcher must be careful to avoid allowing a desired outcome to influence how data is gathered and interpreted. In this case, the researcher feels that a small family size is needed to address the problem of overpopulation, so she or he may subconsciously write questions for a survey that lead to answers that confirm that strategy, or inadvertently shame those with large families...

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