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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

A farm truck travels due east with a constant speed of 9.50 m/s along a horizontal road. A boy riding in the back of the truck tosses a can of soda upward (Fig. P3.40) and catches it at the same location in the truck bed, but 16.0 m farther down the road. Ignore any effects of air resistance. (a) At what angle to the vertical does the boy throw the can, relative to the moving truck? (b) What is the can’s initial speed relative to the truck? (c) What is the shape of the can’s trajectory as seen by the boy? (d) What is the shape of the can’s trajectory as seen by a stationary observer on the ground? (e) What is the initial velocity of the can, relative to the stationary observer?

images

Figure P3.40

(a)

To determine
The angle to the vertical the can is thrown relative to the moving truck.

Explanation

The can returns to the same spot on the truck bed that it was thrown from. So, relative to the truck, the can has zero horizontal velocity...

(b)

To determine
The can’s initial speed relative to the truck.

(c)

To determine
The shape of the trajectory as seen by the boy.

(d)

To determine
The shape of the trajectory as seen by a stationary observer on the ground.

(e)

To determine
The initial velocity of the can relative to the stationary observer.

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