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Identifying Use of the High-Low, Scattergraph, and Least Squares Methods Consider each of the following independent situations: a. Shaniqua Boyer just started her new job as controller for St. Matthias General Hospital. She wants to get a feel for the cost behavior of various departments of the hospital. Shaniqua first looks at the radiology department. She has annual data on total cost and the number of procedures that have been run for the past 15 years. However, she knows that the department upgraded its equipment substantially 2 years ago and is doing a wider variety of tests. So, Shaniqua decides to use data for just the past 2 years. b. Francis Hidalgo is a summer intern in the accounting department of a manufacturing firm. His boss assigned him a special project to determine the cost of manufacturing a special order. Francis needs information on variable and fixed overhead, so he gathers monthly data on overhead cost and machine hours for the past 60 months and enters them into his personal computer. A few keystrokes later, he has information on fixed and variable overhead costs. c. Ron Wickstead sighed and studied his computer printout again. The results made no sense to him. He seemed to recall that sometimes it helped to visualize the cost relationships. He reached for some graph paper and a pencil. d. Lois March had hoped that she could find information on the actual cost of promoting new products. Unfortunately, she had spent the weekend going through the files and was only able to find data on the total cost of the sales department by month for the past 3 years. She was also able to figure out the number of new product launches by month for the same time period. Now, she had just 15 minutes before a staff meeting in which she needed to give the vice president of sales an expected cost of the average new product lauch. A light bulb went off in her head, and she reached for paper, pencil, and a calculator. Required: Determine which of the following cost separation methods in being used: the high-low method, the scattergraph method, or the method of least squares.

BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773
BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 3, Problem 58P
Textbook Problem

Identifying Use of the High-Low, Scattergraph, and Least Squares Methods

Consider each of the following independent situations:

  1. a. Shaniqua Boyer just started her new job as controller for St. Matthias General Hospital. She wants to get a feel for the cost behavior of various departments of the hospital. Shaniqua first looks at the radiology department. She has annual data on total cost and the number of procedures that have been run for the past 15 years. However, she knows that the department upgraded its equipment substantially 2 years ago and is doing a wider variety of tests. So, Shaniqua decides to use data for just the past 2 years.
  2. b. Francis Hidalgo is a summer intern in the accounting department of a manufacturing firm. His boss assigned him a special project to determine the cost of manufacturing a special order. Francis needs information on variable and fixed overhead, so he gathers monthly data on overhead cost and machine hours for the past 60 months and enters them into his personal computer. A few keystrokes later, he has information on fixed and variable overhead costs.
  3. c. Ron Wickstead sighed and studied his computer printout again. The results made no sense to him. He seemed to recall that sometimes it helped to visualize the cost relationships. He reached for some graph paper and a pencil.
  4. d. Lois March had hoped that she could find information on the actual cost of promoting new products. Unfortunately, she had spent the weekend going through the files and was only able to find data on the total cost of the sales department by month for the past 3 years. She was also able to figure out the number of new product launches by month for the same time period. Now, she had just 15 minutes before a staff meeting in which she needed to give the vice president of sales an expected cost of the average new product lauch. A light bulb went off in her head, and she reached for paper, pencil, and a calculator.

Required:

Determine which of the following cost separation methods in being used: the high-low method, the scattergraph method, or the method of least squares.

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Managerial Accounting: The Cornerstone of Business Decision-Making
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Ch. 3 - Describe how the scattergraph method breaks out...Ch. 3 - What are the advantages of the scattergraph method...Ch. 3 - Describe the method of least squares. Why is this...Ch. 3 - What is meant by the best-fitting line?Ch. 3 - What is the difference between the unit cost of a...Ch. 3 - If a company produces 10,000 units and sells 8,000...Ch. 3 - (Appendix 3A) Explain the meaning of the...Ch. 3 - A factor that causes or leads to a change in a...Ch. 3 - Which of the following would probably be a...Ch. 3 - Which of the following would probably be a fixed...Ch. 3 - In the cost formula, the term 128,000,000 a. is...Ch. 3 - In the cost formula, the term 12,000 a. is the...Ch. 3 - In the cost formula, the term Number of Patient...Ch. 3 - In the cost formula, the term Total Cost a. is the...Ch. 3 - The following cost formula for total purchasing...Ch. 3 - An advantage of the high-low method is that it a....Ch. 3 - Select the independent and dependent variables.Ch. 3 - Select the correct set of high and low months.Ch. 3 - An advantage of the scattergraph method is that it...Ch. 3 - The total cost for monthly supervisory cost in a...Ch. 3 - Yates Company shows the following unit costs for...Ch. 3 - (Appendix 3A) In the method of least squares, the...Ch. 3 - Creating and Using a Cost Formula Big Thumbs...Ch. 3 - Using High-Low to Calculate Fixed Cost, Calculate...Ch. 3 - Using High-Low to Calculate Predicted Total...Ch. 3 - Using High-Low to Calculate Predicted Total...Ch. 3 - Using Regression to Calculate Fixed Cost,...Ch. 3 - Inventory Valuation under Absorption Costing Refer...Ch. 3 - Inventory Valuation under Variable Costing Refer...Ch. 3 - Absorption-Costing Income Statement Refer to the...Ch. 3 - Variable-Costing Income Statement Refer to the...Ch. 3 - Creating and Using a Cost Formula Kleenaire Motors...Ch. 3 - Using High-Low to Calculate Fixed Cost, Calculate...Ch. 3 - Using High-Low to Calculate Predicted Total...Ch. 3 - Brief Exercise 3-28 Using High-Low to Calculate...Ch. 3 - Using Regression to Calculate Fixed Cost,...Ch. 3 - Inventory Valuation under Absorption Costing Refer...Ch. 3 - Inventory Valuation under Variable Costing Refer...Ch. 3 - Brief Exercise 3-32 Absorption-Costing Income...Ch. 3 - Brief Exercise 3-33 Variable-Costing Income...Ch. 3 - Variable and Fixed Costs What follows are a number...Ch. 3 - Cost Behavior, Classification Smith Concrete...Ch. 3 - Classifying Costs as Fixed and Variable in a...Ch. 3 - Use the following information for Exercises 3-37...Ch. 3 - Use the following information for Exercises 3-37...Ch. 3 - Step Costs, Relevant Range Bellati Inc. produces...Ch. 3 - Matching Cost Behavior Descriptions to Cost...Ch. 3 - Examine the graphs in Exercise 3-40. Required: As...Ch. 3 - Use the following information for Exercises 3-42...Ch. 3 - Use the following information for Exercises 3-42...Ch. 3 - High-Low Method Refer to the information for Luisa...Ch. 3 - Scattergraph Method Refer to the information for...Ch. 3 - Method of Least Squares Refer to the information...Ch. 3 - Use the following information for Exercises 3-47...Ch. 3 - Use the following information for Exercises 3-47...Ch. 3 - Method of Least Squares, Developing and Using the...Ch. 3 - The method of least squares was used to develop a...Ch. 3 - Identifying the Parts of the Cost Formula;...Ch. 3 - Inventory Valuation under Absorption Costing...Ch. 3 - Inventory Valuation under Variable Costing Lane...Ch. 3 - Income Statements under Absorption and Variable...Ch. 3 - (Appendix 3A) Method of Least Squares Using...Ch. 3 - (Appendix 3A) Method of Least Squares Using...Ch. 3 - Identifying Fixed, Variable, Mixed, and Step Costs...Ch. 3 - Identifying Use of the High-Low, Scattergraph, and...Ch. 3 - Identifying Variable Costs, Committed Fixed Costs,...Ch. 3 - Scattergraph, High-Low Method, and Predicting Cost...Ch. 3 - Method of Least Squares, Predicting Cost for...Ch. 3 - Cost Behavior, High-Low Method, Pricing Decision...Ch. 3 - Jana Morgan is about to sign up for cellular...Ch. 3 - Variable and Fixed Costs, Cost Formula, High-Low...Ch. 3 - Cost Separation About 8 years ago, Kicker faced...Ch. 3 - Variable-Costing and Absorption-Costing Income...Ch. 3 - Refer to the information for Farnsworth Company...Ch. 3 - (Appendix 3A) Scattergraph, High-Low Method,...Ch. 3 - (Appendix 3A) Separating Fixed and Variable Costs,...Ch. 3 - (Appendix 3A) Cost Formulas, Single and Multiple...Ch. 3 - Suspicious Acquisition of Data, Ethical Issues...

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