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Equal amounts of two acids—HCl and HCO 2 H (formic acid)—are placed in aqueous solution. When equilibrium has been achieved, the HCl solution has a much greater electrical conductivity than the HCO 2 H solution. Which reaction is more product-favored at equilibrium? HCl(aq)+H 2 O( l ) ⇄ H 3 O + (aq)+Cl - (aq) HCO 2 H(aq)+H 2 O( l ) ⇄ H 3 O + (aq)+HCO 2 - (aq )

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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 3, Problem 7PS
Textbook Problem
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Equal amounts of two acids—HCl and HCO2H (formic acid)—are placed in aqueous solution. When equilibrium has been achieved, the HCl solution has a much greater electrical conductivity than the HCO2H solution. Which reaction is more product-favored at equilibrium?

HCl(aq)+H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + (aq)+Cl - (aq)

HCO 2 H(aq)+H 2 O( l ) H 3 O + (aq)+HCO 2 - (aq )

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given reactions the one which gives more favored product at equilibrium should be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Acids can donate the H+ ion, base can accept the H+ ion,

Strong acids ionize in water very easly, weak acid will ionize very slowly.

Strong acid is one that completely ionizes (dissociates) in a solution (provided there is sufficient solvent). In water, acid HA dissolves and gives H+ (as hydronium ion H3O+ ion).

Explanation of Solution

HCl  reaction is more product favored at equilibrium because, HCl  dissolves (ionize) in water and gives H+ (as hydronium ion

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
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