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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

What are some causes of short-term temperature variation within a local area?

To determine

Some causes of short-term temperature variation within a local area.

Explanation

Insolation from the Sun and the outgoing radiation from the Earth control the daily and hourly variations in the air temperature. The temperature of air increases when the incoming energy surpasses the outgoing energy, and it declines when the outgoing energy surpasses the incoming energy.

A land surface absorbs and loses heat at a fast rate compared to that of water. The surface characteristics below the air  might affect the heating or cooling of the air above the surface. Hence, the temperatures on land or over water bodies that are exposed to oceanic winds and common in maritime locations may be more moderate than those of continental interiors located within the same latitude.

Consequently, as the continentality of a location increases, the lesser will be its temperature pattern altered. The continental interiors and coastal regions, predominantly in areas away from tropics, commonly experience greater diurnal and annual temperature ranges than that are experienced by the coastal locations.

The surface temperature of the Earth and the atmospheric temperature may be affected by the extent and density of cloud cover...

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