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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Write balanced chemical equations for the following reactions:

(a) production of ammonia, NH3(g), by combining N2(g) and H2(g)

(b) production of methanol, CH3OH(ℓ) by combining H2(g) and CO(g)

(c) production of sulfuric acid by combining sulfur, oxygen, and water

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The balanced chemical equation for given reaction should be given.

Concept Introduction:

The law of conservation of mass states that no atoms can be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, therefore, the number of atoms present in the reactants is equal to the number of atoms present in the products.

Explanation

Nitrogen reacts with hydrogen which yields the ammonia and it is exothermic reaction. The unbalanced equation is given below using correct molecular formula,

  

Balance the nitrogen atom in the given equation, when balancing the equation, we should not alter the subscripts and we can change coefficients.

There is two nitrogen in the left side and one nitrogen in the right side. Therefore according to the nitrogen atom two molecules of ammonia is added to the right side the balanced equation is given below.

  

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The balanced chemical equation for given reaction should be given.

Concept introduction:

The law of conservation of mass states that no atoms can be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, therefore, the number of atoms present in the reactants is equal to the number of atoms present in the products.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The balanced chemical equation for given reaction should be given.

Concept introduction:

The law of conservation of mass states that no atoms can be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, therefore, the number of atoms present in the reactants is equal to the number of atoms present in the products.

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