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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

Give several reasons why temperature inversions occur.

To determine

Reasons for the occurrence of temperature inversions.

Explanation

Under some conditions, the usual decline in temperature with increased altitude may be reversed, which means that the temperature would rise upward for approximately several hundred meters or above. Such an atmospheric condition is termed as a temperature inversion, where a warmer layer of air above disturbs the altitudinal decline in temperature. The frontier between cooler air beneath and warmer air above and the inversion layer could be sudden and would appear across the sky as a horizontal line.

Certain inversions occur about 1000 or 2000 meters above the surface, where a warmer layer of air disturbs the normal decline in temperature with height. During the slow settling of air from the upper atmosphere, upper air inversions tend to occur. As the air sinks, it gets compressed bringing in a rise in temperature,  and it attains more stability and less buoyancy. These inversions would make the air stable, initiating less turbulence and preventing precipitation and storm development...

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