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Economics (MindTap Course List)

13th Edition
Roger A. Arnold
ISBN: 9781337617383

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Economics (MindTap Course List)

13th Edition
Roger A. Arnold
ISBN: 9781337617383
Textbook Problem

Some observers maintain that not all politicians move toward the middle of the political spectrum in order to obtain votes. They often cite Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential election and George McGovern in the 1972 presidential election as examples. Goldwater was viewed as occupying the right end of the political spectrum and McGovern the left end. Would these two examples necessarily be evidence that does not support the median voter model? Are they exceptions to the theory explained in this chapter?

To determine

Median voter model and its exceptions.

Explanation

The median voter model refers to a two-person contest where the endeavor of political candidates matches the median voter’s preferences. The two politicians, Barry Goldwater (1964) and George McGovern (1972), are at the right and left end of the two ranges from middle, respectively. These two candidates may fall into the middle of the two ranges. However, it is difficult to find out the middle. Thus, it is necessary to note the activities of respective political parties in the next years.

During the presidential election of 1964, the Republican Party with Goldwater suffered a defeat and party chooses a candidate Richard Nixon, who is nearer to the middle of the two ranges. During the election of 1968, the Republican Party wins.

During the election of 1972, the Democratic Party suffered a defeat with George McGovern and party chooses a candidate, Jimmy Carter, who is nearer to the middle of the two ranges and wins in the election of 1976.

Thus, these are not necessarily exceptions to the theory of median voter but correct statements.

Concept

Median voter model: Median voter model refers to a two-person contest where the endeavor of political candidates matches the median voter’s preferences.

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