   Chapter 31, Problem 24CQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

How does the finite range of the nuclear force relate to the fact that BE/A is greatest for A new 60?

To determine

The way in which the finite range of the nuclear force relate to the fact that BE / A is greatest for A near 60.

Explanation

If we draw the characteristics curve between the binding energy per nucleon and mass number for all elements, then we will get below graph.

From the obtained graph of ratio of average binding energy for every nucleon of a stable nuclei.

Those nuclei which are bound tightly are the ones which have mass number nearby 60where the value of nuclear force which is attractive in nature has the maximum effect.

At mass number which has higher value, the repulsion force will continuously reduce the energy of binding per nucleon, since the limits of nuclear force is up to small distance

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