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College Physics

1st Edition
Paul Peter Urone + 1 other
ISBN: 9781938168000

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Physics

1st Edition
Paul Peter Urone + 1 other
ISBN: 9781938168000
Textbook Problem

Ionizing radiation interacts with matter by scattering from electrons and nuclei in the substance. Based on the law of conservation of momentum and energy, explain why electrons tend to absorb more energy than nuclei in these interactions.

To determine

The reason for electrons, tend to absorb more energy than nuclei in the interaction of ionizing radiations with matter.

Explanation

Introduction:

Electrons tend to absorb more energy in the interaction of ionizing radiations with matter.

Since α,β,γ,x-rays are having high radiations of electromagnetic waves which can ionize any atom.

Based on law of conservation of energy, there is no energy developed by any external means. When the radiation which is ionized interacts with matter by scattering from electrons and nuclei in the substance then net momentum will be conserved during the collision of the ions

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