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College Physics

1st Edition
Paul Peter Urone + 1 other
Publisher: OpenStax College
ISBN: 9781938168000
BuyFind

College Physics

1st Edition
Paul Peter Urone + 1 other
Publisher: OpenStax College
ISBN: 9781938168000

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 32, Problem 13CQ
Textbook Problem

Suppose one load irradiation plant uses a 137Cs source while another uses an equal activity of 60Co. Assuming equal fractions of the (rays from the sources are absorbed, why is more time needed to get the same dose using me 137Cs source?

Expert Solution
To determine

The more time needed to get the same dose using the 137Cs source. Suppose one food irradiation plant uses a 137Cs source while another uses an equal activity of 60Co. Assuming equal fractions of the γ rays from the sources are absorbed.

Explanation of Solution

Introduction:

To kill the germ present on the food the food radiation is to be used. The radiations passing through the food item so that no waste of the radioactive element on the food items can be achieved.

Such X-rays are used for food radiations which have fewer penetrating rays. Cobalt-60 γ rays has average rate of 1.25 MeV, while 137Cs are of 0.67 MeV . The penetrating rays are created with voltages in the range of 5 million volts and whose photon energies lies up to 5 MeV...

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Chapter 32 Solutions

College Physics
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Ch. 32 - Does loud irradiation leave the food radioactive?...Ch. 32 - Compare a low dose of radiation to a human with a...Ch. 32 - Suppose one load irradiation plant uses a 137Cs...Ch. 32 - Why does the fusion of light nuclei into heavier...Ch. 32 - Energy input is required to fuse medium-mass...Ch. 32 - In considering potential fusion reactions, what is...Ch. 32 - Give reasons justifying the contention made in the...Ch. 32 - Explain why the fission of heavy nuclei releases...Ch. 32 - Explain, in terms of conservation of momentum and...Ch. 32 - The ruins of the Chernobyl reactor are enclosed in...Ch. 32 - Since the uranium or plutonium nucleus fissions...Ch. 32 - The cure of a nuclear reactor generates a large...Ch. 32 - How can a nuclear reactor contain many critical...Ch. 32 - Why can heavy nuclei with odd numbers of neutrons...Ch. 32 - Why is a conventional fission nuclear reactor not...Ch. 32 - What are some of the reasons that plutonium rather...Ch. 32 - Use the laws of conservation of momentum and...Ch. 32 - How does the lithium deuteride in the...Ch. 32 - Fallout from nuclear weapons tests in the...Ch. 32 - A neutron generator uses an (source, such as...Ch. 32 - Neutrons from a source (perhaps the one discussed...Ch. 32 - The purpose of producing 99Mo (usually by neutron...Ch. 32 - (a) Two annihilation rays in a PET scan originate...Ch. 32 - Table 32.1 indicates that 7.50 mCi of 99mTc is...Ch. 32 - The activities of 131I and 123I used in thyroid...Ch. 32 - (a) Neutron activation of sodium, which is 100%...Ch. 32 - What is the dose in mSv for: (a) a 0.1 Gy xray?...Ch. 32 - Find the radiation dose in Gy for: (a) A 10mSv...Ch. 32 - How many Gy of exposure is needed to give a...Ch. 32 - What is the dose in Sv in a cancer treatment that...Ch. 32 - One half the rays from 99mTc are absorbed by a...Ch. 32 - A plumber at a nuclear power plant receives a...Ch. 32 - In the 1980s, the term picowave was used to...Ch. 32 - Find the mass of 239Pu mat has an activity of 1.00...Ch. 32 - A beam of 168MeV nitrogen nuclei is used for...Ch. 32 - (a) If the average molecular mass of compounds in...Ch. 32 - Calculate the dose in Sv to the chest at a patient...Ch. 32 - (a) A cancer patient is exposed to rays from a...Ch. 32 - What is the mass of 60Co in a cancer therapy...Ch. 32 - Large amounts of 65Zn are produced in copper...Ch. 32 - Naturally occurring 40K is listed as responsible...Ch. 32 - (a) Background radiation due to 226Ra averages...Ch. 32 - The annual radiation dose from 14C in our bodies...Ch. 32 - If everyone in Australia received an extra 0.05...Ch. 32 - Verify that the total number at nucleons, total...Ch. 32 - Calculate the energy output in each of the fusion...Ch. 32 - Show that the total energy released in the...Ch. 32 - Verify by listing the number of nucleons, total...Ch. 32 - The energy produced by the fusion of a 1.00—kg...Ch. 32 - Tritium is naturally rare, but can be produced by...Ch. 32 - Two fusion reactions mentioned in the text are...Ch. 32 - (a) Calculate the number of grams of deuterium in...Ch. 32 - How many kilograms of water are needed to obtain...Ch. 32 - The power output of the Sun is 41026W. (a) If 90%...Ch. 32 - Another set of reactions that result in the fusing...Ch. 32 - (a) Find the total energy released in MeV in each...Ch. 32 - Verify that the total number of nucleons, total...Ch. 32 - Integrated Concepts The laser system tested for...Ch. 32 - Integrated Concepts Find the amount of energy...Ch. 32 - Integrated Concepts: (a) What temperature gas...Ch. 32 - Integrated Concepts (a) Estimate the years 1hat1he...Ch. 32 - (a) Calculate the energy released in the...Ch. 32 - (a) Calculate the energy released in the...Ch. 32 - (a) Calculate the energy released in the...Ch. 32 - Confirm that each at the reactions listed for...Ch. 32 - Breeding plutonium produces energy even before any...Ch. 32 - The naturally occurring radioactive isotope 232Th...Ch. 32 - The electrical power output of a large nuclear...Ch. 32 - A large power reactor that has been in operation...Ch. 32 - Find the mass converted into energy by a 12.0kT...Ch. 32 - What mass is converted into energy by a 1.00MT...Ch. 32 - Fusion bombs use neutrons from their fission...Ch. 32 - It is estimated that the total explosive yield of...Ch. 32 - A radiationenhanced nuclear weapon (or neutron...Ch. 32 - (a) How many 239Pu nuclei must fission to produce...Ch. 32 - Assume onefourth of the yield of a typical 320kT...Ch. 32 - This problem gives some idea of the magnitude of...Ch. 32 - It is estimated that weapons tests in the...Ch. 32 - A 1.00MT bomb exploded a few kilometers above the...Ch. 32 - Integrated Concepts One scheme to put nuclear...

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