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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The IUPAC name for the compound CH3—S—CH3 is

  1. a. dimethyl thioether
  2. b. dimethyl sulfide
  3. c. methylthiomethane
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of the given compound has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

IUPAC rules for naming thioether:

  • ✓ The base name is found from the longest carbon chain present in thioether.
  • ✓ The suffix –thio has to be added in order to obtain the alkylthio group name.  For example, ethyl becomes as ethylthio, methyl becomes as methylthio etc.
  • ✓ Alkylthio name has to be placed first with the number (carbon atom to which the alkykthio group is attached) followed by the base name.
Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given structure of compound is shown below,

First step is to identify the longest carbon chain.  In this case it is a one carbon chain.  Hence, the base name is methane.

Next step is to identify the alkylthio group.  In the given thioether, the alkylthio group is found to be methylthio as it contains only one carbon atom.

Alkylthio name is placed before the base name with the appropriate number that gives information about to which carbon atom the alkylthio group is attached...

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