   Chapter 33, Problem 1CQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

The total energy in the beam of an accelerator is far greater than the energy of the individual beam particles. Why isn't this total energy available to create a single extremely massive particle?

To determine

Why isn't total energy available to create a single extremely massive particle?

Einstein has stated in his theory that any particle having mass cannot travel more than the speed of light without its mass becoming infinite. The particle accelerator accelerates the particle close to speed of light.

Explanation

The energy supplied to the particle is given by the formula:

E=mc2

Here, m is the mass of particle and c is the speed of particle. So to increase the speed of light the particle mass should be decreased for constant energy.

Einstein has stated in his theory that any particle having mass cannot travel more than the speed of light without its mass becoming infinite. The particle accelerator accelerates the particle close to speed of light.

Since the energy supplied is finite, to increase the speed of the particle its mass should be small. Therefore, a beam of particles having very small individual mass are accelerated in the particle accelerator.

Conclusion:

The energy supplied to the particle is given by the formula:

E=mc2

Here, m is the mass of particle and c is the speed of particle. So to increase the speed of light the particle mass should be decreased for constant energy.

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