BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805
BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805

Solutions

Chapter 3.3, Problem 37E
To determine

To find: The rate of change of x with respect to θ when θ=π3. That is, dxdθ|θ=π3.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 37E

The rate of change of x with respect to θ when θ=π3 is 5 ft/rad.

Explanation of Solution

Given:

The length of the ladder is 10 ft, which rests against the vertical wall.

The angle between the top of the ladder and the wall is θ.

The distance from the bottom of the ladder to the wall is x.

Derivative rule:

Constant Multiple Rule:

If c is constant and f(θ). is differentiable function, then

ddθ[cf(θ)]=cddθ[f(θ)] (1)

Calculation:

The given situation is as shown in the below Figure 1.

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts and Contexts, Enhanced Edition, Chapter 3.3, Problem 37E

In Figure 1, θ is the angle between the top of the ladder and x is the distance from the bottom of the ladder to the wall.

sinθ=Opposite sideHypotenuse side=x10

Cross multiply the equation,

x=10sinθ

Differentiate the equation with respect to θ,

dxdθ=ddθ(10sinθ)

Apply the Constant Multiple Rule as shown in equation (1),

dxdθ=10ddθ(sinθ)=10cosθ

The rate of change of x with respect to θ when θ=π3 is computed as follows,

dxdθ|x=π3=10(cosπ3)=10(12)      (Q cosπ3=12 )=5

Therefore, the rate of change of x with respect to θ when θ=π3 is 5 ft/rad.

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