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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the correct IUPAC name for the compound Chapter 3.3, Problem 3QQ, What is the correct IUPAC name for the compound ? a. pentyl dialcohol b. 1,4-dihydroxypentane c. ?

  1. a. pentyl dialcohol
  2. b. 1,4-dihydroxypentane
  3. c. 1,4-pentanediol
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The correct IUPAC name for the given compound has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

IUPAC rules for naming alcohols that contain single hydroxyl group:

  • Longest carbon chain has to be identified that contains hydroxyl group also. The chain name is obtained by replacing the letter “-e” in alkane with “-ol”.
  • The numbering has to be given so that the hydroxyl group gets the least numbering.
  • Name and location of any other substituent present in the chain has to be identified.
  • If in a ring the hydroxyl group is present, then that carbon is numbered 1 and the numbering then proceeds counterclockwise or clockwise in a way that substituents present if any gets the least numbering.
  • Hydroxyl group as a substituent in a molecule is named as hydroxy group rather than hydroxyl group.

IUPAC rules for naming alcohols that contain more than one hydroxyl group:

  • The same rules said above is followed but the prefix di-, tri-, tetra etc is added corresponding to the number of hydroxyl groups that is present.
Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given structure is,

The longest continuous carbon chain with the hydroxyl group is found to be five carbon chain. Therefore, the parent alkane is pentane. As two hydroxyl group is present the name of the alcohol can be given as pentanediol.

The numbering has to be given so that the hydroxyl group gets the least numbering. In this case, the hydroxyl groups are present in the first carbon atom and fourth carbon atom...

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