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4th Edition

Richard N. Aufmann + 3 others

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305965584

Chapter 3.4, Problem 18ES

Textbook Problem

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Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c. contrapositive of the given statement.

You need four-wheel drive to make the trip to Death Valley.

To determine

**(a)**

**To write:**

converse of the given statement

**Given information:**

The statement:

**Concept Involved:**

A statement that can be written in if-then form is called Conditional Statement. The phrase immediately following the word if is the hypothesis. The phrase immediately following the word then is the conclusion.

A Conditional Statement can be represented in symbols as

Statements that have the same truth values are logically equivalent. They are either both TRUE or both FALSE.

If you change the hypothesis or conclusion of a conditional statement, you form related conditionals. The below chart shows the three related conditionals, converse, inverse and contrapositive, and how they are related to a conditional statement

Logic | Symbols | Formed by |

Conditional | Using the given hypothesis and conclusion | |

Converse | Exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion | |

Inverse | Replacing the hypothesis with its negation and replacing the conclusion with its negation | |

Contrapositive | Negating the hypothesis, negating the conclusion, and switching them |

A conditional statement is logically equivalent to its contrapositive.

A conditional statement and its converse are NOT logically equivalent.

A conditional statement and its inverse are NOT logically equivalent.

The converse and the inverse of a conditional statement are logically equivalent to each other.

**Calculation:**

The statement can be rewritten as

To determine

**(b)**

**To write:**

inverse of the given statement

To determine

**(c)**

**To write:**

contrapositive of the given statement

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

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[...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement....Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. {...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. 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Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - 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Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Examine the following three premises: 1. 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Represent...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement. [...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Every...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Being...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. I could...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Being...Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - What is the inverse of the contrapositive of pq?Ch. 3 - Use the contrapositive of the following statement...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement. a....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each statement. Start each...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of each statement given...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Use one of De Morgans laws to write the following...Ch. 3 - What is a tautology?Ch. 3 - Write pq in its equivalent disjunctive form.Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - 12. Write the symbolic form of direct reasoning.Ch. 3 - Write the symbolic form of transitive reasoning.Ch. 3 - Write the symbolic form of contrapositive...Ch. 3 - 15. Write the symbolic form of the fallacy of the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...

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Changing the Order of Integration In Exercises 51-60, sketch the region R whose area is given by the iterated i...

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

A random sample is obtained from a population with a mean of =45 . After a treatment is administered to the ind...

Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Draw, in standard position, the angle whose measure is given. 21. 2 rad

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Volume I

If g(x)+xsing(x)=x2, find g(0).

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

For Problems 15-20. use the specified number of classes to do the following. (a) Find the class width (b) Make ...

Understanding Basic Statistics

A vertical plate is submerged (or partially submerged) in water and has the indicated shape. Explain how to app...

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

SOC At. St. Winnefred Hospital, the number of males and females in various job categories are as follows: Job M...

Essentials Of Statistics

Finding the Midpoint of a Line Segment In Exercises 9-14, find the midpoint of the line segment joining the two...

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

Calculate each expression in Exercises 124, giving the answer as a whole number or a fraction in lowest terms. ...

Applied Calculus

x234x5

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Airlines sometimes overbook flights. Suppose that for a plane with 50 seats, 55 passengers have tickets. Define...

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

Distance Find the distance between the given numbers. 73.

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

Two scores, X and Y, are recorded for each of n = 5 participants. For these scores, find the value of each expr...

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

For Problems 1-50, solve each equation. Objective 1 3(x+2)=3x+6

Intermediate Algebra

A series an is defined by the equations a1=1an+1=2+cosnnan Determine whether an converges or diverges.

Multivariable Calculus

Prove the statement using the , definition of a limit. 24. limxac=c

Single Variable Calculus

Solve, using the substitution method, and check; 5x4y=292x+y=9

Elementary Technical Mathematics

Les Roberts, a self-employed commercial artist, had total net earnings of $60,000 last year. What was the amoun...

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

Write each expression as an equivalent algebric expression involving only x. (Assume x is positive.) sin(2tan1x...

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

a. Let R be the equivalence relation defined on Z in Example 2, and write out the elements of the equivalence c...

Elements Of Modern Algebra

Given: ABCwithrightBACADBC a)BD=12,AD=9,DC=?b)DC=5,BC=15,AD=?c)AD=2,DC=8,AB=?d)AB=26,DC=2,DC=?

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

Sketch the graph of f by hand and use your sketch to find the absolute and local maximum and minimum values of ...

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

In Exercises 118, determine whether each system of linear equations has a one and only one solution, b infinite...

Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences

Butterfly Curve Use a graphing utility to graph the curve shown in the figure below. The curve is given by r=ec...

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

Two sets of rails railroad tracks are equally spaced intersect but not at right angles. Being as specific as po...

Elementary Geometry for College Students

Finding a Taylor Series In Exercises 5-16, use the definition of Taylor series to find the Taylor series, cente...

Calculus of a Single Variable

Find each base. Round the answers to 2 decimal places when necessary. 53. 203 is 110% of what number?

Mathematics For Machine Technology

Describe a situation in which simple interest, rather than compound interest, would be expected.

Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey

Airline passengers arrive randomly and independently at the passenger-screening facilityat a major internationa...

Statistics for Business & Economics, Revised (MindTap Course List)

Spherical coordinates of the point with rectangular coordinates
are:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

EXPLORING CONCEPTS PlanesConsider a line and a point not on the line. How many planes contain the line and the ...

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

The dye dilution method is used to measure the cardiac output of a pig’s heart with 10 mg of dye. After t secon...

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Orthogonal Vectors In Exercises 51-54, find two vectors in opposite directions that are orthogonal to the vecto...

Multivariable Calculus

Define the goal or purpose of the correlational research strategy and distinguish between a correlational study...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Explain how a within-subjects design avoids the problems created by individual differences and how a between-su...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Consider the experimental results for the following randomized block design. Make the calculations necessary to...

STATISTICS F/BUSINESS+ECONOMICS-TEXT

The accompanying data on seat belt use for each of the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia are from Tra...

Introduction To Statistics And Data Analysis

Use synthetic division to perform each division. 4x43x3x+5x3

College Algebra (MindTap Course List)