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4th Edition

Richard N. Aufmann + 3 others

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305965584

Chapter 3.4, Problem 24ES

Textbook Problem

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Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c. contrapositive of the given statement.

If

To determine

**(a)**

**To write:**

converse of the given statement

**Given information:**

The statement:

**Concept Involved:**

A statement that can be written in if-then form is called Conditional Statement. The phrase immediately following the word if is the hypothesis. The phrase immediately following the word then is the conclusion.

A Conditional Statement can be represented in symbols as

Statements that have the same truth values are logically equivalent. They are either both TRUE or both FALSE.

If you change the hypothesis or conclusion of a conditional statement, you form related conditionals. The below chart shows the three related conditionals, converse, inverse and contrapositive, and how they are related to a conditional statement

Logic | Symbols | Formed by |

Conditional | Using the given hypothesis and conclusion | |

Converse | Exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion | |

Inverse | Replacing the hypothesis with its negation and replacing the conclusion with its negation | |

Contrapositive | Negating the hypothesis, negating the conclusion, and switching them |

A conditional statement is logically equivalent to its contrapositive.

A conditional statement and its converse are NOT logically equivalent.

A conditional statement and its inverse are NOT logically equivalent

To determine

**(b)**

**To write:**

inverse of the given statement

To determine

**(c)**

**To write:**

contrapositive of the given statement

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

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[...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement....Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. {...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. 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If it...Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Write the contrapositive of the statement and use...Ch. 3.4 - Write the contrapositive of the statement and use...Ch. 3.4 - Write the contrapositive of the statement and use...Ch. 3.4 - Write the contrapositive of the statement and use...Ch. 3.4 - Write the contrapositive of the statement and use...Ch. 3.4 - Write the contrapositive of the statement and use...Ch. 3.4 - What is the converse of the inverse of the...Ch. 3.4 - What is the inverse of the converse of the...Ch. 3.4 - Give an example of a true conditional statement...Ch. 3.4 - Give an example of a true conditional statement...Ch. 3.4 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3.4 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3.4 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3.4 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3.4 - Explain why it is not possible to find an example...Ch. 3.4 - If a conditional statement is false, must its...Ch. 3.4 - A Puzzle Lewis Carroll (Charles Dodgson) wrote...Ch. 3.4 - Recreational Logic Consider a checkerboard with...Ch. 3.5 - Write an argument that is an example of circulus...Ch. 3.5 - Give an example of an argument that is a fallacy...Ch. 3.5 - Write an argument that is an example of a fallacy...Ch. 3.5 - Write an argument that is an example of a fallacy...Ch. 3.5 - Algebraic arguments often consist of a list of...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Recreational Logic Arc You Smarter Than a 5th...Ch. 3.5 - An Argument by Lewis Carroll The following...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Examine the following three premises: 1. All...Ch. 3.6 - Examine the following three premises: 1. All...Ch. 3.6 - LSAT Practice Problem The following exercise is...Ch. 3.6 - Bilateral Diagrams Lewis Carroll s method of...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement. [...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Every...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Being...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. I could...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Being...Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - What is the inverse of the contrapositive of pq?Ch. 3 - Use the contrapositive of the following statement...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement. a....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each statement. Start each...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of each statement given...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Use one of De Morgans laws to write the following...Ch. 3 - What is a tautology?Ch. 3 - Write pq in its equivalent disjunctive form.Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - 12. Write the symbolic form of direct reasoning.Ch. 3 - Write the symbolic form of transitive reasoning.Ch. 3 - Write the symbolic form of contrapositive...Ch. 3 - 15. Write the symbolic form of the fallacy of the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...

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If z = 5x2 + y2 and (x, y) changes from (1, 2) to (1.05, 2.1), compare the values of z and dz.

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Set up an integral for the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by the given curves abou...

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In problem 3.1 at the end of Chapter 3, you calculated measures of central tendency for six variables for fresh...

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In Exercises 15-22, find the equation of the specified line. With slope 4 crossing 2x3y=6 at its x-intercept

Applied Calculus

a Prove that the equation has at least one real root. b Use your calculator to find an interval of length 0.01 ...

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Simplify the algebraic expressions in Problems 1-14 by com- bining similar terms. Objective 1 5x27x+4x1

Intermediate Algebra

Evaluate expressions in Exercises 3756, rounding your answer to four significant digits where necessary. 45

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Although there is a popular belief that herbal remedies such as Ginkgo biloba and Ginseng may improve learning ...

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f(x)1x(x+2)(x3)

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

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In a sample of n 6 scores, five of the scores are each above the mean by one point. Where is the sixth score l...

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Chang each fraction to a mixed number in simplest form: 51512

Elementary Technical Mathematics

Solve the following word problems for the portion, rate, or base.
42. A medical insurance policy requires Ana t...

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

Using the number line shown, write two inequalities that relate the values of e and f.

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

Draw each of the following angles in standard position and then do the following: a. Name a point on the termin...

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

Label each of the following statement as either true or false.
Let and be integers with. Then if and only i...

Elements Of Modern Algebra

Sketch the graph of f by hand and use your sketch to find the absolute and local maximum and minimum values of ...

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

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Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences

The base of a right prism is a rectangle whose length is 3 cm more than its width. If the altitude of the prism...

Elementary Geometry for College Students

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EXPLORING CONCEPTS Transformations of Functions In Exercises 63-66, assume that f is differentiable for all x. ...

Calculus of a Single Variable

Write the common fraction 123654 as a decimal fraction rounded to 4 decimal places.

Mathematics For Machine Technology

The point P graphed at the right has spherical coordinates:

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Using the Three-Dimensional Coordinate SystemDetermine the location of a point (x,y,z) that satisfies the condi...

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True or False? In Exercises 73-76, determine whether the statement is true or false. If it is false, explain wh...

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Find for x = 3t2 + 1, y = t6 + 6t5.
t4 + 5t3
4t3 + 15t2

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

In exercise 3, the following estimated regression equation based on 30 observations was presented. = 17.6 + 3....

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Describe the two basic concerns with the calculation of split-half reliability and explain how these concerns a...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

The following data are for 30 observations involving two categorical variables, x and y. The categories for x a...

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As part of a study to determine the effects of allowing the use of credit cards for alcohol purchases in Canada...

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What are demand characteristics, and how do they limit the validity of the measurements obtained in a research ...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Solve each equation and classify it as an identity, a conditional equation, or a contradiction. 3xx15x+3=3

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In Problems 1518 verify that the indicated function y = (x) is an explicit solution of the given first-order di...

A First Course in Differential Equations with Modeling Applications (MindTap Course List)

In Exercises 1-18, write the given number in expanded form, or explain why there is no such number. 25,44,3460

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Sketch the graphs of the power functions p3 and p4 on the same set of axes. When 0x1 , which is greater: x3 or ...

Discrete Mathematics With Applications

Energy The power P produced by a wind turbine is directly proportional to the cube of the wind speed S. A wind ...

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1. Find the following chi-square distribution values from Table 11.1 or Table 3 of Appendix B.
with df = 5
with...

Essentials Of Statistics For Business & Economics

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