BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805
BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805

Solutions

Chapter 3.4, Problem 77E

(a)

To determine

To find: The exponential model for the charge.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 77E

The exponential model for the charge Q(t)=100e10t.

Explanation of Solution

Calculation:

Use the online graphing calculator and obtain the graph of an exponential model for the charge as shown below in Figure 1.

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts and Contexts, Enhanced Edition, Chapter 3.4, Problem 77E

The exponential model is Q(t)=Q0ekt (1)

From given table t=0 and Q(0)=100 then substitute in equation (1),

Q(0)=Q0e0100=Q0

Substitute Q0=100 and from given table t=0.02 and Q(0.02)=81.87 in equation (1),

Q(0.02)=100ek(0.02)81.87=100e0.02k81.87100=e0.02k0.8187=e0.02k

Take natural logarithm on both sides,

ln0.8187=ln(e0.02k)ln0.8187=0.02klne0.20.02=k                (Qlne=1)k=10

Substitute k=10 and Q0=100 in equation (1),

Q(t)=100e10t

Therefore, the exponential model for the charge Q(t)=100e10t.

(b)

To determine

To estimate: The electric current when t=0.04s.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 77E

The electric current when t=0.04s is Q(0.04)=670μA.

Explanation of Solution

Calculation:

From part (a) the exponential model is Q(t)=100e10t.

Obtain the derivative Q(t).

Q(t)=ddt(Q(t))=ddt(100e10t)=100(10e10t)=1000e10t

Substitute t=0.04 in the above equation,

Q(0.04)=1000e10(0.04)=1000e0.4=1000(0.67)=670

Therefore, the electric current at t=0.04s is Q(0.04)=670 μA.

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