   Chapter 3.5, Problem 3.4CYU

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

In each of the following cases, aqueous solutions containing the compounds indicated are mixed. Write balanced net ionic equations for the reactions that occur.(a) CaCl2 + Na3PO4(b) iron(III) chloride and potassium hydroxide(c) lead(II) nitrate and potassium chloride

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Balanced net ionic equation for the given aqueous solution should be written.

Concept Introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of Na+, K+, NH4+, salts of nitrate (NO3-), chlorate (ClO3-), Perchlorate (ClO4-), Acetate (CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble.  But some of the halides are (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble.  But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble.  But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of carbonate (CO32-), phosphate (PO43-), Oxalate (C2O42-), Chromate (CrO42-), sulfide (S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

Explanation

The given compound is sodium phosphate and calcium chloride which is soluble in water. In this reaction Na+and Ca2+ cations exchange the anions (Cl-and PO32-) to give sodium chloride and calcium phosphate.

Balance the equation,

Balance the calcium atom in the given equation, when balancing the equation, we should not alter the subscripts and we can change coefficients.  There are one calcium atoms in the left side and three calcium atoms in the right side.  Therefore three molecule of calcium chloride is added to left side of reaction. Therefore the balanced equation is given below.

Balance the chlorine atom in the given equation, there are six chlorine atoms in the left side and one chlorine atoms in the right side.  Therefore six molecule of sodium chloride is added to right side of reaction.  Therefore the balanced equation is given below.

Balance the sodium atom in the given equation, there are six sodium atoms in the right side and three sodium atoms in the left side.  Therefore two molecule of sodium phosphate is added to left side of reaction.  Therefore the balanced equation is given below.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Balanced net ionic equation for the given aqueous solution should be written.

Concept Introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of Na+, K+, NH4+, salts of nitrate (NO3-), chlorate (ClO3-), Perchlorate (ClO4-), Acetate (CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble. But some of the halides are (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble.  But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble. But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of carbonate (CO32-), phosphate (PO43-), Oxalate (C2O42-), Chromate (CrO42-), sulfide (S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Balanced net ionic equation for the given aqueous solution should be written.

Concept introduction:

Most of the ionic compounds are soluble in water, very few of the ionic compounds are sparingly soluble, and some of the ionic compounds are insoluble in water.  When it is soluble in water ions gets separated in the solution.

Soluble compounds in water

Almost all the salts of Na+, K+, NH4+, salts of nitrate (NO3-), chlorate (ClO3-), Perchlorate (ClO4-), Acetate (CH3CO2-) are soluble.

Almost all the salts of Cl-, Br-, I-(halides) are soluble.  But some of the halides are (Ag+, Hg22+, Pb2+) are insoluble.

Salts of F- are soluble.  But some of the fluoride salt of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+ are insoluble.

Salts of sulfate (SO42-) are soluble.  But sulfates of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, are insoluble.

Insoluble compounds in water:

Most of the salts of carbonate (CO32-), phosphate (PO43-), Oxalate (C2O42-), Chromate (CrO42-), sulfide (S2-) are insoluble but some of the salts of NH4+, alkali metal cations and BaS are soluble.

Most of the metal hydroxides and oxides are insoluble in water bit some of the alkali metal hydroxides, Ba(OH)2and Sr(OH)2 are soluble in water.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

The fiber-rich portion of the wheat kernel is the bran layer. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Show that 1 cubic meter contains 1000 L.

An Introduction to Physical Science

Explain how uncontrolled diarrhea can lead to acidosis.

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry 