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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

In which of the following pairs of alcohols do both members of the pair contain two or more hydroxyl groups?

  1. a. ethanol and ethylene glycol
  2. b. ethylene glycol and glycerol
  3. c. isopropyl alcohol and propylene glycol
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The alcohol pairs that contain more than one hydroxyl group in them has to be identified from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohols are commonly encountered in our day-to-day life.  Some of the commonly encountered alcohols are, methanol, ethanol, propanol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, glycerol.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Ethylene glycol and glycerol are polyhydroxy alcohols.  The structures can be given as shown below,

From the above structures, it is found that ethylene glycol contains two hydroxyl grops and glycerol contains three hydroxyl groups.

Hence, the correct option is option (b).

Reason for incorrect options:

Option (a) tells that ethanol and ethylene glycol contains more than one hydroxyl groups.  The structure of ethanol and ethylene glycol can be given as,

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