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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332
Textbook Problem
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A vaccination works by _______.

  1. a. curing a disease
  2. b. triggering an allergy
  3. c. revealing the type of H antigen on red blood cells
  4. d. eliciting an antibody-mediated response

Summary Introduction

Concept introduction: The antibody-mediated response is also called a humoral immune response because it involves mainly elements of blood and tissue fluid. In the adaptive response, B cells make the antibodies to the specific antigens. Immunization is the procedure designed to induce an antibody-mediated response against a particular pathogen.

Explanation

Reason for correct answer:

Immunization induces antibody-mediated response against the particular pathogen. Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material to stimulate an individual’s immune system to increase the adaptive immunity to a pathogen. A second vaccination is called the booster, which will elicit a secondary immune response for enhanced protection from the pathogen.

Option d. is given as “antibody-mediated response”. As the vaccination works by eliciting the antibody-mediated response, option d. is correct.

Reason for incorrect answer:

Option a. is given as “curing a disease”...

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