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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

A general method for preparing alcohols that involves carbon–oxygen double bonds is addition of which of the following to the bond?

  1. a. H2
  2. b. H2O
  3. c. HCl
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The general method for preparation of alcohols that involves carbon‑oxygen bonds is addition of what among the given option has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohol is an organic compound that has hydroxyl as its functional group.  Alcohols contain both nonpolar and polar groups in it.  Hydroxyl group is the polar group and the alkyl group is the nonpolar group.  Physical properties of alcohol depend on which of the two groups dominate.  Alcohols can be prepared in laboratory by hydration of alkenes and reduction of carbonyl compounds.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Double bond between a carbon atom and oxygen atom means that the compound is a carbonyl compound.  Addition of hydrogen to this carbonyl group leads to the formation of alcohol.  When hydrogen is added to the carbonyl, the oxygen of the carbonyl is converted into hydroxyl group.  A scheme for the addition of hydrogen to the carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Therefore, the correct option is option (a).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that addition of water to carbonyl group is a general method for preparation of alcohol...

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